Sample Proposal on Alcoholism and its Impact on Domestic Violence

 

Abstract

This study will ascertain the impacts of alcoholism on domestic violence. The association of alcoholism with domestic violence is touchy and sensitive since it draws together a friendly and an anti-sociable conduct. United States Congress has enacted some major laws aimed at assisting victims of domestic violence. Aggressive married men have highly developed intensities of alcoholism when judged against non-violent men. Sexual assault is known to account for about 55% of instances of family violence. Alcoholism plays a function in generating family violence in conditions such as arguments pertaining to monetary issues. Although alcoholism is typically not the source of the violence, it can make the situation more unsound. Studies have confirmed that around 90% of program managers in the US have confidence that the risk for family violence is high when both spouses take alcohol. It is fundamental to handle both the predicaments of alcoholism and family violence together to ensure lasting success. From a sample of sixteen participants, this study will use primary method of data collection and qualitative method of data analysis where data will be obtained from the Domestic Violence and Child Advocacy Center. Women are not the only ones affected when alcoholism acts in favor of domestic violence as children also suffer. Men that seek treatment for alcoholism should be carefully questioned concerning domestic violence and alcoholism on the part of their spouse. Similarly, women that seek treatment for domestic violence must be carefully questioned concerning alcoholism both on their side and their spouse.

 

 

 

Alcoholism and Its Impact on Domestic Violence

Introduction

The main research problem according to this proposal will be establishing the impacts of alcoholism on domestic violence. The involvement of alcoholism in domestic violence is a contentious and sensitive topic since it draws together a sociable conduct, drinking alcohol, and an anti-sociable conduct, domestic violence. Statistics show a strong impact of alcoholism on domestic violence. The United States Congress has enacted a couple of major laws associated with domestic violence. One of the laws is the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) that was the initial main law to assist government organizations and victim supporters operate together to combat family violence, sexual abuse, and additional kinds of violence against women. It generated fresh punishments for some offenses and initiated programs to prevent domestic violence and assist victims. In the course of the years, the law has been amended to offer more programs. The second law is the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA) that offers a major federal financing to assist victims of domestic violence. Services financed through FVPSA offers shelter and associated aid. They as well provide violence prevention actions and attempt to boost how program agencies operate in society (Easton et al., 2007). Cases of domestic violence mostly go unreported, but studies affirm that they affect 11% to 16% of women in the US. Alcoholism (by the culprit, the victim, or the two) is engaged in as many as 93% of accounted occurrences of domestic violence. This research needs to be conducted to ensure successful treatment of these problems. Alcohol normally acts as a disinhibitor thus creating room for domestic violence.

 

 

Statement of the Problem

            This study will be non-experimental. Aggressive married men have advanced levels of alcohol addiction when judged against their non-violent equals. Research accounts levels of alcoholism of 70% and 95% amid men that batter their wives. The American Medical Association (AMA) states that sexual assault accounts for about 55% of instances of domestic violence. Alcoholism plays a role in causing domestic violence in situations such as arguments concerning monetary issues; for instance, the alcoholic could obtain cash from the spouse, or hive off cash that ought to be spent in clearing domestic bills. Alternatively, alcohol is at times used in an effort of easing the pain caused in cases of domestic violence and distress by women, and in such a case, alcoholism only works to propagate family violence. Wives battered by their husbands are twice as prone to abuse alcohol. Women that take alcohol appear to be at greater threat of violence, both because of their consumption and that of their spouses.

Justification of Study

            Studies on alcoholism and domestic violence affirm that there are evident correlations between the two. Domestic violence is mostly accompanied by too much drinking of reasonable to extreme quantities of alcohol over a prolonged duration. Although the drinking is mostly not the cause of the violence, it can lead to the situation becoming more unsound, escalating the brutality and occurrence of the violent episodes. As will be discussed in this study, this is sometimes generated by the outlays on alcohol increasing stress in the family and the effect of the alcohol on the alcoholic working to decrease the normal common sense barricades on socially improper conducts. In short, when a person is drunk, violence feelings and inclinations are intensified by the loss of forbiddance and the augment in stress.

 

Literature Review

In the study by Livingston (2011), ecological associations between alcohol and domestic violence rates are assessed. This study employs data for 186 postal codes from the metropolitan region of Melbourne, Australia, and evaluates 3 dissimilar outlets (pub, packaged strong drinks, and on-premise) where proof of domestic violence cases were analysed from law enforcement-recorded offence data, anchored in the victim’s postal code. The study concluded that the density of alcoholic beverage licences is positively linked to the level of family violence in due course.

The study by Crane, Oberleitner, Devine, and Easton (2014) sought to evaluate the direct relationships and interactions amid individual and simultaneous alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and opioid usage with the committal of intimate partner violence. In addition to consideration of gender variations across these relationships from a large sample (1,290 men and 294 women) of men and women delinquents who undertook a medical interview, either supporting or refuting current physical family violence incident. The results were that alcohol and cocaine usage were considerably linked to domestic violence. The study concluded that it is vital to consider relationships involving substances of abuse during treatments for concurrent family violence and substance abuse problems. The study by Klostermann and Fals-Stewart (2006) investigates the impact of alcoholism in occurrences of domestic violence. The rationale behind this study was to illustrate family violence and the behaviours considered under this label while examining proof for the connection involving alcoholism and family violence. The study recommended that interventions should mull over the association between alcoholism and domestic violence.

            Studies have affirmed that approximately 90% of program managers in the US have a conviction that the risk for domestic violence is high when both the husband and wife drink. Usually, violent men tend to blame the alcoholism to defend their actions or blame the drinking of their spouse and the challenge of coping with an alcoholic spouse. Approximately 25% to 50% of all cases of domestic violence start with alcoholism. Alcoholism is known to perpetrate domestic violence is different ways. For instance, alcoholism generates stress through financial losses, behavioral transformations, and decreased social standing in the family. Moreover, studies show that violent men are thrice more likely to turn into alcoholism. In this regard, there is not only augmented stress, but the capacity to deal with stress could be reduced significantly since alcoholism restricts the management that the alcoholic has on their conduct (Crane et al., 2014). When a person takes alcohol excessively, the urge to drink is at times all that lingers in their minds, and in case the sober spouse tries to convince them otherwise, they could ignite an aggressive occurrence.

Evidently, alcoholism and domestic violence generate a forlorn combination. People must bear in mind that alcoholism, regardless of the claim of the alcoholic, is not a justification or explanation for combining the consumption of alcohol and domestic violence. In reality, treating the alcoholism only does not prevent domestic violence since the violence will persist. It is vital then to deal with both the predicaments of alcoholism and domestic violence at one fell swoop to ensure lasting transformations in conduct. Although this is acknowledged, both domestic violence programs and alcoholism programs normally do not have the wherewithal to cross-instruct with each other (Crane et al., 2014). On this note, individuals in this common condition have to dual register and at times that is exceedingly hard.

Effects on Children

Women are not the only victims when alcoholism acts in support of domestic violence; children also suffer (Klostermann & Fals-Stewart, 2006). Some major studies demonstrate that children from families that have a history of alcoholism are more liable of suffering from physical, psychological, and sexual abuse. Most of the time a drinking parent is not in a position of protecting children from abuse that may have been directed towards them by other people, or even emanating from the drinking parent. Moreover, at times the woman that is battered will direct her wrath to children for the alcoholism and domestic violence, rather than striking back. Such kind of disregard and abuse of children due to irritation is as high as over 80% of all instances of accounted childhood abuse.

The disturbing after effects of domestic violence is that the children might frequently have their alcoholism habits as they try to deal with memories of the abuse, and even if they endeavor to depart from the abusive condition, the temptation for alcohol addiction chases them. Children in such situations state that 50% of the duration the abusive father who takes alcohol was at home was more violent when under the influence than when sober. Such information shows the problems faced by millions of children thus expressing the impact of alcoholism on domestic violence as truly immense (Klostermann & Fals-Stewart, 2006).

It is not outlying stretch to observe why contemporary society requires having tangled alcoholism and domestic violence resurgence programs. The relationship between the two categories of conduct is evident and well recognized. Alcoholism aimed at escaping problems brings about stresses and conduct modifications can make violence against family members appear all right. Though alcoholism does not directly create domestic violence, it generates room for its occurrence. The perpetrator normally shifts the blame to alcohol for his actions, be it his drunkenness or that of the wife. As the drunkenness rises, so often does the hostility of individual abusive occurrences (Klostermann & Fals-Stewart, 2006). This is created by the twin aspects of augmented stresses in the family and the incapacity to deal with those pressures in a manner that is socially up to standard. In the long run, this affects not only the perpetrator, but also the victim and the children that are exposed to it and who may as well find themselves in alcoholism.

Situation When an Alcoholic Gets Sober

            The victims mostly believe that if their spouses were sober, then there would be no violence; that is, they want to have a conviction that alcoholism is the only reason behind domestic violence. Those, however, are just wishful thoughts. At times an alcoholic may just be physically violent when under the influence. Nevertheless, a careful examination will reveal that their behavior when sober is as well expressively and psychologically offensive. Though an alcoholic may for a moment desist from physical violence when he gets sober, the psychological abuse is likely to persist since soberness is not the solution to violent convictions and approaches. The physical cruelty is likely to come back, even if it means days or months later, when they find that simply using psychological and spoken abuse does not work effectively anymore (Livingston, 2011).

Soberness in itself can at times be used to assist in controlling and manipulating the victims by threatening to take alcohol if things do not work out according to the expectations of the perpetrators. Such a threat does not have to be conspicuous, but could be quite pernicious. Sometimes the perpetrators may just want to isolate themselves from the family with the threat of taking alcohol (and the implicit threat of cruelty that could be associated with it). Issues of alcoholism and domestic violence have to be dealt with jointly and exhaustively for there to be any considerable and lasting change. When just alcoholism is dealt with, the result is not a spouse that respects his family, but just a sober abuser instead of a drunken one (Livingston, 2011).

 

Research problem

            Alcoholism and domestic violence against women and children normally go undetected by caregivers (Livingston, 2011). Health care providers do not feel at ease inquiring from women concerning alcoholism and domestic violence, and the victims do not feel at ease reporting them. This is mostly created by the agonizing situations and incidents connected with infamy and disgrace. Approaches that they are blameworthy parties (that they aroused the violence) also play a part in the underreporting. The perpetrator, victim, and the professional may all feel that it is not worthwhile to elicit the concerns, feeling incapable of fixing the situation and terrified of provoking even more complexities. Though screening for family violence is a vital stride in offering comprehensive treatment and intervention, it is significant to guarantee the privacy and wellbeing of the patient, both with the intention of protecting her and getting dependable information. Such kind of evaluation has to be carried out in the absence of the perpetrator, and the victim has to be assured that her spouse will not in any way access the information. Different indications should prompt further questioning with the evaluation starting with indirect questioning, though clear, direct inquiring will be required at some point.              

Research Question

  • How does alcoholism influence domestic violence and how can a lasting resolution be attained?

Hypothesis

  • Alcoholism worsens the effects of domestic violence

 

 

 

Methodology

Research Design and Variables

            This study will use the primary method of data collection where data will be obtained from the Domestic Violence and Child Advocacy Center. The research design will be qualitative, ethnographic research; this is because the research design will gather wide-ranging narrative data rooted in different variables in a natural situation within a particular framework. The dependent variable will be domestic violence while the independent variable will be alcoholism, and the demographic variables will be race, income level, family size, educational level, and gender. A survey will be employed to offer the provision of a detailed comprehension of the phenomena supporting the study.

Sampling and Participants

The non-random sampling method that will be used in this study is convenience sampling as it will simply entail participants that are the most accessible and the most simply chosen to take part in the study. The population for this study will be the residents of Cleveland, a US city in the state of Ohio. A written request for collecting data via questionnaires and interview will first be sent to the administrator of the Domestic Violence and Child Advocacy Center. Initially, the data for this study will be collected through unofficial conversations with staff of the Domestic Violence and Child Advocacy Center before seeking to interview some patients. Unofficial discussions will also be conducted with professionals at the center. The means of getting connected with suitable interviewees will be talked over with the director who will then send an appeal to married clients (4 male and 12 female) of the center requesting for their participation. Sixteen requests (2 male White Americans, 5 female White Americans, 4 female Asian Americans, 3 female Native Americans, and 2 male African Americans) will be sent, and will form the ultimate sample for the survey. Five of the requests will be sent to clients without children, six to clients with at least one child, and six to couples of dissimilar races; the requests will also be evenly distributed across educational and income levels.  

Data Collection and Materials

After the selection of the participants, open-ended survey questions will be employed since they will bring out answers that the interviewer cannot expect and are typically lengthier with an account of the experience of concern in a summarized and brief form. This will allow the interviewees respond to the questions in an essay structure thus offering a lot of information with no restriction. The survey method of data collection will be successful since vital concerns about domestic violence experiences will be discussed. Prior to each interview, the researcher will give an explanation on the rationale for the interview, the nature of the questions, the confidentiality of the shared information, the freewill to participate, and then allow the participants enquire where they will need further clarification before embarking on answering the questions. The survey questions will contain different kinds of questions for the independent variable, dependent variable, and demographic variables; five different questions for each variable (See Appendix). The duration of each interview will be approximately one hour. Consent will be requested from each interviewee for the application of a tape recorder to boost the precision of data and offer a lasting record. The data held in the tape recorder will then be transcribed to generate a dependable source for reference and proof.

Ethical Issues

It will be an ethical issue for the researcher to ask a woman seeking treatment for family violence concerning the occurrences. This is because the researcher will be afraid that the recollection of such agonizing events in the course of the early phases of recovery will stimulate the carrying on of alcoholism with the aim of trying to disregard such feelings. It will also appear unethical questioning a client concerning her alcoholism, alcoholism of her spouse, and other family issues as it could emerge as overindulgence. Nevertheless, the failure to discover domestic violence in this population could lead to unsuccessful results of the study. Therefore, the researcher will focus on past and present family violence and alcoholism as a habitual section of history-taking for women and men participants. Men that seek treatment will be carefully questioned concerning their alcoholism and alcoholism on the part of their spouse while women that seek treatment for domestic violence will be carefully questioned concerning alcoholism both on their side and their spouse.

Results, Findings, and Data Analysis

The data analysis plan will depend on the research method and type of data used. A qualitative method of data analysis will be employed for this study. The analysis of the nominal data for this study will be descriptive and will help in examining alcoholism and its impact on domestic violence with the intention of offering successful treatment of alcoholism and domestic violence.

Discussion and Conclusion

Discussion

            During treatment and intervention at the center, screening is crucial. Women and children face a variety of challenges in relation to alcoholism and domestic violence. Such challenges encompass depression, insomnia and anxiousness, and venereal diseases just to mention a few (Easton et al., 2007). Some studies suggest that the evaluation of domestic violence could be even trickier than evaluation of alcoholism. It is also evident that the number of male victims of domestic violence is insignificant when judged against that of their female counterparts.

Conclusion

            This study will discuss treatment professionals’ comprehension of domestic violence and its association with alcoholism, which gives them a chance to apply that comprehension in the improvement of treatment programs. Such concerns influence not just victims, but also perpetrators, their children, and the elderly of which they could be taking care. In this regard, alcoholism and domestic violence affect the physical and emotional health of the entire family. Effective treatment is thus vital, and, once the problems are discovered in the course of evaluation, interventions have to be directed towards both alcoholism and family violence with the aim of curbing such issues for the well-being of the present and future generations (Day, 2013).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Crane, C. A., Oberleitner, L., Devine, S., & Easton, C. J. (2014). Substance use disorders and intimate partner violence perpetration among male and female offenders. Psychology of Violence, 4(3), 322-333.

Day, A. (2013). Commentary on Stuart et al. (2013): Domestic violence and interventions to reduce alcohol use. Addiction, 108(8), 1385-1386.

Easton, C. J., Mandel, D. L., Hunkele, K. A., Nich, C., Rounsaville, B. J., & Carroll, K. M. (2007). A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Alcohol‐Dependent Domestic Violence Offenders: An Integrated Substance Abuse–Domestic Violence Treatment Approach (SADV). The American Journal on Addictions, 16(1), 24-31.

Klostermann, K. C., & Fals-Stewart, W. (2006). Intimate partner violence and alcohol use: Exploring the role of drinking in partner violence and its implications for intervention. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11(6), 587-597.

Livingston, M. (2011). A longitudinal analysis of alcohol outlet density and domestic violence. Addiction, 106(5), 919-925.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 1: Questionnaire

Dependent Variable

  1. Discuss the causes of domestic violence
  2. Explain how domestic violence normally arises
  3. Discuss some of your experiences concerning family violence
  4. Give details of what you believe to be the best way of treating domestic violence
  5. Explain how domestic violence has affected children and any other person at home

Independent Variable

  1. Do you think alcoholism in any way influences domestic violence? If yes, explain
  2.  Do you take alcohol after domestic violence? If yes, explain why
  3. Does your spouse or child (ren) engage in alcoholism before or after family violence? If yes, discuss what you think could be the cause
  4. Explain some of the quarrels that arise at home when one or both of you is under the influence of alcohol
  5. Explain what you believe should be done to arrest the effects of alcoholism associated with domestic violence

Demographic Variables

  1. Do you think the problems of alcoholism and domestic violence vary with income level? Explain your answer
  2. Do you think the problems of alcoholism and domestic violence vary with family size? Explain your answer
  3. Do you think the problems of alcoholism and domestic violence vary with educational level of either or both partners? Explain your answer
  4. Which gender is normally victim of alcoholism and domestic violence? Explain
  5. Are the occurrences of alcoholism and domestic violence influenced by racial difference or similarity of the spouses? Discuss