Sample Report on Waste Management

Abstract

Abu Dhabi is one of the seven emirates in the United Arab Emirates. Due to the increasing population, the region is faced with the need for managing wastes. The region has also been identified as the central point for the UAE meetings. This has further brought more wastes as industries have risen and technology has increased to keep up with the prevailing demand. This study focuses on management of solid wastes in Shakhbout City in Abu Dhabi. According to statistics, more than five million wastes were disposed at the end of 2008. These wastes need proper disposal in the landfills and in the dumpsites. Scattering of the wastes affects the ecosystem supported in the region. There is need therefore to manage these wastes for environmental protection. This calls for identification of particular regions as landfills. The solid wastes are collected from the residential areas and transported to the landfill. The wastes have been collected but the existing landfills are insufficient. There is therefore need to identify a landfill which is not meant for any other function. The landfill should be far from agricultural work, people’s residence and other environmental activities. The identified landfill is in Al Ruwais. This landfill is expected to accommodate more than 80% of the wastes in Abu Dhabi. Through this landfill, the wastes management team expects to reduce greenhouse gases such as methane by 50%  which emanates from the wastes. There is need however to manage the wastes through encouraging the public to reuse, recycle and reduce. The government can encourage private investors to apply for short term and long term contracts to manage the wastes.

Waste Management

Introduction

This study focuses on management of solid wastes in Shakhbout City in Abu Dhabi. The solid wastes are collected from the residential areas and transported to the landfill. As the manager of this process, I am to ensure that the team complies with the regulations and standards when carrying out the task. This study gives the background information on Abu Dhabi. It reviews the benefits of setting up a landfill. The study offers some recommendations on what the next step towards better environment utilization

Reasoning behind the project

According to statistics, more than five million wastes were disposed at the end of 2008(). These wastes need proper disposal in the landfills and in the dumpsites. Scattering of the wastes affects the ecosystem supported in the region. There is need therefore to manage these wastes for environmental protection. This calls for identification of particular regions as landfills. This study appreciates the presence of solid wastes, the study also identifies the demand for a place as landfill where there will be little negative effects spread to the people. This identified place should also be void of any usefulness for proper utilization of the resources.

Literature Review

Abu Dhabi is found in the United Arab Emirates. It is found between Sharjah in Dubai and Persian Gulf in the Eastern Saudi Arabia. Abu Dhabi lies on the geographical coordinates of 23.50n and 54.50 E. Abu Dhabi is the largest emirates, which make up the United Arab Emirates. It covers more than 67 km 2, which is approximately 86% of the entire region. It follows Dubai in the population. The region is endowed with oil companies, federal cabinet, and embassies. Its main revenue is from the financial services, industry, and construction industries. As the capital of the UAE, Abu Dhabi is one of the world’s fastest developing economies in the Middle East. More than 95% of the UAE’s oil reserves are under the control of the Abu Dhabi. Through this oil back up, the region has a rising gross domestic product of more than USD 100 billion(). The management of the waste production also contributes the GDP greatly. Therefore there is need to introduce other landfills which will foresee the growth and development of the region. The urban population is also contributing to this growth; there are more than 90 million residents in the urban centers. This is estimated to reach 3million by 2020. The increasing growth may strain the present resources by increasing the wastes. Landfills are therefore necessary to reduce the waste and manage the present infrastructure.

There are existing landfills where modern technology helps in recycling the wastes to better products. For instance, the Al Dhafra landfill has a capacity of around 2000 t/d. wastes are transported from different points within the region and disposed in the landfills. There are also composing plants used in processing the green wastes. In Al Ruwais, transfer of the wastes is done. Thereafter, there is sorting and separation. The green wastes are separated from the sanitary and inert wastes. The landfill is expected to serve for at least 10 years before they can be closed down if changes do not occur in the present policies. The wastes to be managed include the household, agricultural, industrial, commercial, hazardous, marine, packaging and medical wastes. These wastes cannot be separately quantified due to missing information on the same. However, it is approximated that the landfill will manage more than 2.3kgs/day/capita().

Description of the project, specifications and details

Waste refers to all items, which have lost value and therefore are no longer useful. Human beings’ daily activities give rise to wastes. More wastes are being realized daily. There are different types of wastes. There are the kitchen wastes, construction, biodegradable, and non-biodegradable wastes. The table below shows increasing wastes composition in Abu Dhabi

Table 1: waste composition

This increases as the environment is overused and the population is increasing. In as much as there should be recycling and reusing of the wastes, the need to have a landfill is high. The landfill is expected to meet the needs of the people by tackling the problem of conservation.

More than 33,000 tons are released in a day in Abu Dhabi(). The future plan of the country is to recycle the wastes to contain 0% in the landfills. This objective is expected to be attained through the application of the reduction of the wastes, reuse and recycle of the wastes. By using upcoming technologies, this objective is expected to be attained in 2020().

Regulations and standards

Among the regulations to be adhered to include; the 10 km distance of the landfill from the populated areas. The landfill should also be 10 km away from main highways. It should not be in an area with ground water. The area located as the possible landfill should have no ecological importance such as being an agricultural land. The public should generally accept the landfill.

Available data and information (figures and pictures)

 

Google earth image of Abu Dhabi

 

Waste disposal in Abu Dhabi

 

Design categories

Benefits of implementation of the project

There are various benefits seen in the management of wastes in Al Ruwais landfill.

Results and Conclusion

There are a number of landfills in the area. The presence of another landfill will not change the situation of the regions. There is therefore need to manage the wastes and convert them to useful commodities for use. There are various technologies, which are being used in the management of wastes. These wastes are also being converted into useful energy forms. This implies that analysis has been carried out and the features of the wastes identified. More machineries ought to be included in raising the awareness to the public on the need to reuse products for wastes reduction. More businesses can be incorporated to realize more profits in this sector.

 

References

Appendix

  1. Import the images of your area from google earth into the ArcGIS program.
  2. Convert the geographic coordinates to projected grid coordaniates
  3. Geo-reference the images and combine them.
  4. Using the heads up digitizing method, digitize the roads, houses and areas.
  5. Create the necessary attribute tables.
  6. Using the analysis techniques, find out the best location of the landfill, where the waste will be transported keeping in mind the restraints mentioned under 􀂵standards and regulations􀂶.
  7. Find out the number of houses in your area.
  8. How much waste will be produced in your area on daily basis?
  9. How many trucks will be required to carry the waste.
  10. The route planning of the trucks should be done using the shortest route for each truck for efficiency and fuel saving.
  11. Write a report describing the methods and p

 

Paper details: my area is Shakhbout City in Abu Dhabi Comments: