Sample Research Paper on African Americans

African Americans
Introduction
Many Americans today assume that humanity is divided into biologically separate races, which descended from groups that evolved on different continents (Zack, 2012). For example, those who believe that blacks have their origin in Africa and the whites came from Europe. Belief in the biological validity of race can rest on some abstract foundations; however, human skin colors, hair texture, shape of the eye and facial features have variations (Zack, 2012). These variations cannot be easily changed because they are inherited, and most people can use them to create a distinction based on race at the first glance. There is equality among all people and no race should be viewed as superior.
Thesis Statement
The history of African Americans dates back to several centuries past and there are major historical events that led to the decision to settle in America. Currently, the black Americans add up a good number to the American population. There are events that have happened in history that have contributed to their current lifestyle and how the rest of the Americans perceive them. America is considered a nation of immigrants because there are very many races in the country (Zack, 2012). However, the history of the African Americans is unique when one talks about it. For this reason, this paper explores the major chronological events that happened in the history of African Americans from 1865 to the present. In addition, it explains how the chronology of events is related to the current way of life among the African Americans.
1865 for the Americans is an important year because it is the year when Abraham Lincoln died after serving a five-year term (Lauder, 2006). The election of Lincoln was received with fury from most of the residents in the Southern States, and is thought to have contributed to the war that arose. Abraham Lincoln is of importance in the history of Black Americans because he proclaimed freedom for all the slaves and rebellious territories (Lauder, 2006). The end of the civil war and the assassination of Lincoln in 1865 led to the beginning of the reconstruction era (Fujino, 2009). The prohibition of slavery was also received an approval after amendments that were made in the preceding years. As a result, there was an increase in the black population of the southern cities because the captives had been freed.
The increase in numbers was crucial because the numbers could easily have their say. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 gave the African Americans citizenship and equal rights with the whites (Taylor, 2010). As a result, more amendments were made in the Constitution to define citizenship. In addition, there were additional amendments that gave the blacks voting rights (Taylor, 2010). They were no free to choose the leaders they wanted. Different African Americans like Hiram Revels became congressional representatives due to the changes (Taylor, 2010). The leaders tried their best to improve the lives of Africans who were in America because they believed the blacks and whites were equal, and there was no need to deny them some opportunities.
In the second decade of the 20th century, Du Bois called for a revival in the literature by blacks (Gifford, 2009). The Harlem Renaissance was marked by cultural growth among different groups of artists and renowned thinkers such as Du Bois and Locke (Gifford, 2009). The historical roots of this event are complex although it can be attributed to the great migration of Black Americans to northern areas that had undergone industrialization, which was favored by the WWI protection need and labor shortages that boosted job opportunities. It is also rooted in the limited job opportunities that were offered to the African Americans during the rural-urban transformation of the United States.
The different types of movements that were planned also acted as a motivation to the revival by empowering the African Americans (Gifford, 2009). The impact that it had in the arts was because of the pride and racial awareness that were the key concerns (Gifford, 2009). As a discrete historical event in American history, it came to end in the early thirties with significant technical mastery and ideological content (Fujino, 2009). As a result of the movement, many people accepted that the blacks and whites were equally qualified to exploit social contact. In addition, the movement articulated some priorities for the achievement of racial equality in the current American setting.
In 1954, the Brown v. Board of Education case came with a ruling that saw the abandonment of segregation that had been legalized in most public places (Taylor, 2010). The ruling gave power to the Civil Rights Movement that resulted in planned events such as boycotts. The famous boycott is the bus boycott that happened after one of the Black Americans refused to occupy the back seat in a bus that had been segregated (Lauder, 2006). There are leaders such as Bayard Rustin and Martin Luther King who spearheaded the strike (Lauder, 2006). It was as a result of these movements that the Americans embraced protesting without violence, which is applied to date.
Black power activism is another event that existed alongside the Civil Rights Struggles in the mid-twentieth century, and certain activists simultaneously participated in both movements (Joseph, 2012). National Civil rights insurgency, coordinated demonstrations, strategic civil disobedience, legal and legislative victories were the marked events that happened during the period (Joseph, 2012). Although it had similarities with the Civil rights movements in their achievements, the Black Power movement challenged its prevailing narratives. As a result, there were key changes that happened to the American Democracy after the period marked by wars. It also featured notable triumphs and anchored them in a dogged quest for political power (Joseph, 2012).
The black power and other memorable events that had happened shaped African American’s political consciousness because they gained a new understanding of politics (Taylor, 2010). This led to the other significant event when Barack Obama became the first African-American to win the US presidential race (Taylor, 2010). The victory was because of the significant contribution by the black Americans. After the first term, he competed in the 2012 election that saw him win the race against Mitt Romney.
Conclusion
The current rule of this super power by an African American shows the potential that Black Americans have and defines the highlight of the struggle by African Americans for equality over decades of discrimination. Their race to victory has been full of ups and downs. There are heroes who are beyond the significant reduction of elimination of discrimination based on race. Although racial discrimination persists, the current president has proved to the racists that there is no gain in discrimination. It is the opportune time people eliminated discrimination because of its negative impacts.

References
Fujino, D. C. (2009). Heartbeat of Struggle. Minneapolis.
Gifford, N. (2009). The Harlem Renaissance. Los Angeles: National Center for History in The Schools.
Joseph, P. E. (2012). The Black Power Movement: A State of the Field. Journal of American History, 751-777.
Lauder, K. B. (2006). Timeline: African American History 1619-1900, as a Framework for The Study of Tennessee’s State Legislators in The Reconstruction Era. Tennesse: Archival Technical Services.
Taylor, Q. (2010). The African American Experience: A History of Black Americans. Washington D.C: University of Washington.
Zack, N. (2012). Race and Ethnicity. Oregon: Bridgepoint Education Inc.