Sample Research Paper on Alzheimer Dementia

Alzheimer Dementia

Introduction

            Dementia is a constitutive term that refers to the respective symptoms that become evident when certain diseases affect the brain. There are numerous forms of dementia. This study discusses Alzheimer Dementia disease. The Alzheimer Dementia alters the chemical composition of the brain, and this ravages the brain by destroying the brain cells (EJN 389). Critical to this study is Dysphagia, which relates to difficulties in swallowing. Managing Alzheimer Dementia patients who have difficulties in swallowing is a challenging endeavor. Such patients exhibit transformations in their respective behaviors during meals.

There are changes in their physiology of swallow, and cognitive or language function (Gauthier et al. 102). It is imperative for medical practitioners to anticipate functional improvements that occur because of executing training strategies linked to compensatory interventions. Compensatory interventions address the needs of a particular patient, and they enhance the functioning of individuals diagnosed with traumatic injuries to the brain (Ibrahim & Davis 925). Thus, the research diverges towards a critical question. Will the Alzheimer Dementia patient improve the safety of the swallow after training of compensatory strategies?

Background

            Centuries ago, a German physician called Alois Alzheimer conducted a grim postmortem analysis of the dementia-ravaged brain of one of his patients.The disease under scrutiny derives its name from this medical practitioner (Londos et al. 140). The cognitive effects of Alzheimer Dementia produce functional impairments including swallowing difficulties, and this reduces the safety of the swallow immensely. Training Alzheimer Dementia patients on the safety of the swallow by applying compensatory strategies has produced mixed results in the past (Murray, Ali & Debra 45). In some populations, compensatory strategies are less effective than restorative procedures. However, customized treatment modalities including compensatory training on the safety of the swallow for patients with Alzheimer Dementia highlight various improvements in the functionalities of these respective patients. Additionally, in the Alzheimer Dementia disease, the neural damage eventually affects the brain in an adverse manner, and this tampers with the basic bodily functions such as swallowing. In the end, the Alzheimer patients in the acute care setting in the US experience massive challenges in terms of implementing the swallow of safety practices in their daily lives. Such contexts necessitated the endeavors of this study.

Significance

            The number of Alzheimer Dementia patients in the planet might reach 100 million by the year 2050 (Sato et al. 550). Thus, this means there would be an enormous demand for acute care, and the healthcare systems might turn out bankrupt. More intently, if there is any possibility of the improving the cognitive and functional abilities of Alzheimer Dementia patients by using compensatory strategies then this research is of extreme importance. The study certifies the efforts of the healthcare systems worldwide. More specifically, approximately 5.3 million Americans are living with Alzheimer Dementia, and these people experience challenges in their safety of the swallow. Additionally, by the mid of this century projections articulate that the number of people in the US living with Alzheimer Dementia will increase by about 10 million people. To date, Americans develop Alzheimer Dementia every 67 seconds, by the year 2050 Americans will contract AD after every 33 seconds. Thus, this AD patients will have trouble in their swallow, and the scope of the research ensures that these Alzheimer Dementia patients have an enhanced functionality in terms of mastering the safety of swallow practices.

Methods

            The Study focused on one woman aged 76 at the Beaumont Health system an affiliated nursing facility in Metro Detroit in Michigan. The corresponding time points were between the year 2012 and the year 2014. Moreover, this particular woman consented to train on compensatory strategies to improve her safety of the swallow. First, the data collected incorporated the functional abilities of the woman without any intervention, which, in this case, the intervention was training of compensatory strategies to improve the safety of the swallow for AD patients. The second phase incorporated data collection with the presence of the intervention. The third phase constituted data collection with the training activities removed. A questionnaire focused on scrutinizing the impact of training on compensatory strategies on this respective woman in the nursing facility in all the three phases of the research. A score was applicable, and this score assigned a number to the functional level of the woman’s ability to implement the safety of the swallow practices. Before and after the training of compensatory strategies, and after the reversal of these training activities. The score varied from 1 to7. The inclusion criteria were ability to read and write, a cognitive ability to respond to the questionnaire, and the woman had to be under acute care in the nursing facility. The exclusion criteria included patients who were not willing to undergo the compensatory training activities, patients below the age of 41 years, and patients unable to read and write.

 

 

Results

Before the training on compensatory strategies to improve the safety of the swallow.The woman had a score of 2 based on the applicable questionnaire in this study. In the second phase of the research, whereby the training on compensatory strategies was available the woman scored 5 points. In the third stage, where there was a reversal/removal of the training activities the woman scored 3. Thus, this shows that the safety of the swallow for Alzheimer Dementia patients improves because of training on compensatory strategies. The woman improved her safety of swallow practices after the training of compensatory strategies. More precisely, incidences such as chocking, giggling in her voice voices after meals, and rattling sounds in the chest drastically reduced after the training of compensatory strategies. However, before the training (phase 1 of the research) and on the reversal of the training (phase 3 of the study) the safety of the swallow practices deteriorated. Of the respondents, this particular woman improved her score by 3 points because of the training activities.

Conclusion

The purpose of the study is to vet the influence of training of compensatory strategies on Alzheimer Dementia patients. More intently, the dissection focused on Beaumont Health system, in the Metro Detroit locale of Michigan. The training of compensatory strategies improves the safety of the swallow in Alzheimer Dementia patients at the Beaumont Health system. After various experiments, her individual functionalities varied. Thus, such training practices are a worthy cause in all healthcare fraternities.

           

 

 

Works Cited

EJN. “Paper Poster Sessions.” European Journal of Neurology 21. (2014): 388-713. Print.

Gauthier, S., et al. “Diagnosis and Management of Alzheimer’s Disease: Past, Present and Future Ethical Issues.” Progress in Neurobiology 110.3 (2013): 102-113. Print.

Ibrahim, Joseph Elias, and Marie-Claire Davis. “Availability of Education and Training for Medical Specialists about the Impact of Dementia on Comorbid Disease Management.” Educational Gerontology 39.12 (2013): 925-941. Print.

Londos, E., Hansson, O., Alm Hirsch, I., Janneskog, A., Buelow, M., & Palmqvist, S. (2013). Dysphagia in Lewy body dementia – a clinical observational study of swallowing function by fluoroscopic video examination. BMC Neurology 13(1), 140. Print.

Murray, Jo, Ali Milich, and Debra Ormerod. “Screening For Dysphagia.” Australian Nursing Journal 18.11 (2011): 44-46. Print.

Sato, E., Hirano, H., Watanabe, Y., Edahiro, A., Sato, K., Yamane, G., & Katakura, A. (2014). Detecting signs of dysphagia in patients with Alzheimer’s disease with oral feeding in daily life. Geriatrics and Gerontology International 14(3), 549-555. Print.

Wada, T., Imai, H., Fukutomi, E., Chen, W., Okumiya, K., Ishimoto, Y., Matsubayashi, K. (2014). Preferred feeding methods for dysphagia due to end-stage dementia in community-dwelling elderly people in Japan. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 62(9), 1810-1811. Print.

 

 

 

 

Research was conducted on an elderly woman Alzheimer Dementia who was a patient at the Beaumont Health Facility in Michigan
Records from peer-reviewed journals for the study were obtained

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