An Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) is a comprehensive emergency management system that stipulates the relevant information regarding emergency services. The principal function of the plan is to acknowledge and react to incidents by delineating the duties of emergency service providers. City of Moreno Valley Emergency Operations Plan (EOC) is located in northwestern Riverside County, approximately 70 kilometers east of Los Angeles in California state, and offers emergency services to the entire city of Moreno Valley. The city is surrounded by Lake Perris, March Air Reserve Base and it has an altitude of 1,650. EOC has two health care facilities which are the Riverside County Regional Medical Center and the Kaiser Permanente hospital. The plan was approved as per the California emergency services Act by the governor’s office in March 2009.
According to the guide for all-hazard emergency operations planning of 1996, EOPs are categorized into two groups, which include local and state EOPs. Local EOPs are mandated with the tasks of protecting the public in terms of warning, emergency public information, evacuation, and shelter. Due to the nearness of local government to the people, it is expected to focus on the essential provisions that keep people out of danger. In this regard, the City of Moreno Valley Emergency Operations Plan emergency plan involves five phases that include prevention, preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation. This emergency plan phase is related to the provisions defined in the required emergency plan document. Comprehensive preparedness guide 101 requires an EOP to be a community-based plan in the concept that it incorporates all stakeholders in the community. EOC complies with this regulation because it has a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) that encompasses volunteers who attend a 21-hour course as required by FEMA. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) also requires all state and local EOPs to acknowledge all potential threats that are vulnerable to their area of jurisdiction. The guideline indicates that planning involves considering all hazards and threats that affect a certain place at a particular time. As a result, the Moreno Valley Emergency Operations Plan identifies earthquakes, wildfires, floods, dam failures, transport emergencies, civil unrest, power outage, terrorism, health emergencies, and nuclear incidents as the major potential hazards in the city. Another similarity between the emergency guideline and the EOP of Moreno Valley is the organization. The plan is organized into sections and subsections that help a user locate the required information at ease. The sections follow each other in a progressive way so that the reader can rationalize the sequence of the information provided. The plan also adopts the traditional functional format, which is divided into three sections: the basic plan, functional annexes, and hazard, threat, or incident-specific annexes. However, the Moreno valley plan differs from the format by including a standard operating procedure (SOP) section. Also, it does not employ the use of planning templates as stipulated in the guideline.
The city of Moreno is encroached by a number of threats that can result in both minor and fatal accidents. For instance, there is a dam and a lake surrounding the city and they can cause a flood; similarly, there is an airbase and it can cause a hazardous incident. Therefore, the plan outlines the effective and comprehensive measures that can be used to curb any risk from occurring. The plan is capable of handling the stipulated responsibilities due to the effective plan outlined in the EOP. It complies with the guidelines provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the California local government. The plan also includes implementing the Incident Command System (ICS), which helps in managing emergency activities. The city of Moreno Valley uses a hazard analysis matrix that delineates various natural, technological, and man-made disasters. The matrix shows the frequency and the impact caused by a certain disaster; hence the plan can predict the likelihood of an emergency occurring.
Private agencies and volunteers work hand in hand with the Moreno Valley EOC in case of an emergency. The plan is under the Mutual Aid Administrative Region that operates under the California governor’s office of emergency services. This implies that the administrative unit is quite comprehensive hence the plan is viable to execute its responsibilities. Moreno valley EOC is equipped with an EOC database system that tracks emergency information and allows users to interact and share relevant information. The information is integrated at a Joint Information Center (JIC), which ensures timely and useful response action. Lastly, the EOC of Moreno Valley has a concrete administration from the manager and well-trained staff members who are willing to serve the public at all times. They are strategically situated in a centralized position giving them an added advantage in response to emergencies in an equitable manner. They are dedicated to ensuring that the public is prevented from an imminent incident a threat or a natural disaster. Therefore, the city of Moreno Valley Emergency Operation Plan is capable of handling any emergency that may befall the residents of Moreno Valley and its environs.
Moreno Valley Emergency Operations Center (EOC). URL: http://www.moreno-valley.ca.us/resident_services/emergency/pdf/mv-eop-0309.pdf