Sample Research Paper on Ethics and Integrity

Research Ethics and Integrity

Approval of any research material or report requires the perusal and evaluation by professional and academic experts to validate the content, presentation, and quality of any research. However, how can the integrity of the research process, respondents, and material be protected and managed? Is there a standard methodology and standard for conducting research? These are the pertinent questions that a sound and professional researcher should ask and maneuver through while conducting the research. In this case, the institutional review board (IRB) is responsible for proffering levels, avenues, and proximities that research ethics should be maintained and adhered to by the researcher. This institutional board is essential in ensuring that the quality, content, accuracy, and credibility of the research are maintained and controlled from the initial to final stage of the research (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005). Therefore, the researcher has to learn and understand the guidelines, parameters, and proximities proffered by this institution to ensure that the research meets the prerequisite fundamentals that address all issues relating to research ethics and integrity (Onwuegbuzie, Dickinson, Leech & Zoran, 2009).

Ethical Problems

A problem that can be faced is the maintenance of the identity and medical details of the respondents. Drawing a line between providing information for academic use, and hiding or not disclosing the integrity and identity of the respondents is a challenge. For instance, if the HIV/AIDS research was being conducted in a certain small village and the results revealed at least 45% of the village may be infected, passing or using this information in the research may be injurious to the identity and existences. This is because people may view this village negatively and consider it sick and immoral. Another ethical problem that can be faced is the citation of sources from which some of the material was retrieved, such as statistics, other empirical and theoretical studies, and academic theories, among others. Finally, the last ethical problem that can be faced is the sampling process of groups to undergo since it can result in the sampling seeming biased or poorly executed.

Resolving the ethical issues

First, since this is a mixed method research, focus will be made to ensure that rules and guidelines for each research methodology are adhered. In the qualitative research methodology, keenness will be placed to ensure that all information retrieved from outside sources is cited properly to acknowledge the authors of the content. In the quantitative research methodology, several strategies will be employed based on a particular method being used. For instance, random sampling technique will be used for selecting the respondents and regions to undergo the research (Bartlett, Kotrlik, & Higgins, 2001). Secondly, the interviews and questionnaires will have a disclaimer that all the information given by respondents is subject to protection, privacy, and authorization by only the key personnel performing the research.

Further, the identities of individual respondents will be visible only to the researchers, unless authorization is given to people outside this scope, but under strict acceptance standards for viewership of the data. Finally, since this is a research performed alongside a nongovernmental organization (NGO), it is paramount to ensure that the NGO is registered and authorized for operation under the laws of the country where the research is to be conducted. This is essential to ensure that once the research is completed, the NGO is legally and socially protected to publish the results under certain set guidelines.



Bartlett, J. E., Kotrlik, J. W.,  & Higgins, C. C. (2001). Organizational Research: Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research. Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, 19 (1), 43-50.

Hsieh, H., & Shannon, S. E. (2005). Quantitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15 (9), 1277-1288.

Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Dickinson, W. B., Leech, N. L. and Zoran, A. G. (2009). A Qualitative Framework for Collecting and Analyzing Data in Focus Group Research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8 (3), 1-21.