Sample Research Paper on Health Disparities

Research on Health Disparities


Health disparities provide an avenue for medical professionals to assess the diseases afflicting people based on different factors, such as demographics. In this case, it presents an intricate avenue to assess health issues prevalent amongst different people in various regions.

Research Questions

Therefore, how are changes in demographics responsible for changes in people’s health? Is there a means of assessing how some factors causing health disparities can be changed to cause better health in people? If yes, how are they effected, and are there any viable outcomes of the strategies implemented? Are there any research from accredited sources that shows that these strategies were implemented on a target population, its outcomes, and results? These are some of the pertinent research questions that will be important in conducting this research topic.


The methodology applied to conduct this research requires a multiplicity of techniques and tools to achieve the desired outcome. Consequently, the use of a mixed methodology that encompasses both quantitative and qualitative methodologies is paramount for the achievement of quality results. A sequential explanatory design and a concurrent triangulation design will be used. Using a mix of both methodologies is essential since it acts as a means for data analysis and accreditation through referring to other possible researches carried out on the same issues (Gill, Stewart, Treasure and Chadwick, 2009).

In this analysis, some of the quantitative methodologies that will be utilized are surveys, interviews, sampling, and content analysis. This will be structured in a manner that ensures that research ethics are adhered to, and that only pertinent information is retrieved. For instance, in interviews and surveys, the questionnaires used will be structured in a manner that promotes adequate retrieval of only the pertinent information. Additionally, it will be structured in a manner that ensures that personal information of the respondents is not retrieved, unless they apply to the write of the research report.

Target Population

In identifying the target population that will be used to conduct the quantitative researches, focus will be laid on identifying areas related to the research parameters, such as medicine, health dynamics in different populations, and medical professionals and practitioners. Therefore, the target population for this research will be selected based on health parameters defined. The target populations will be divided between patients and the medical practitioners, with each sampled group receiving a different set of questions based on the required information (Orb, Eisenhauer & Wynaden, 2000). Since it is difficult to identify and select particular people to fit into the research-sampled groups, discussions and assistance will be sought from accredited persons working within the health care environment to assist in the selection and identifying of this population.

The qualitative research methodologies utilized will be essential in retrieving pertinent information on the topic from printed material. Some of the sources under assessment will be eBooks, newspapers and magazines, journals, audiovisual media, among others (Bartlett, Kotrlik & Higgins, 2001). However, caution will be placed in only using sources whose authenticity and accreditation has been verified. This is because some sources may offer information pertinent to the research, but whose content is false, inaccurate, or farfetched. Majorly, journals and eBooks will be used since they have passed academic and professional scrutiny to determine their viability. Additionally, these two resources will be important since they could contain past accredited researches on the same topic. This would be essential in comparing results from these researches, and results retrieved using the quantitative research methodologies.

The use of websites from accredited institutions will also be an essential tool in retrieving data on the research topic. It will be essential in the selection of the target since one cannot just handpick people without having a baseline to identify the pertinent people. The use of the eBooks and journals will be essential in assessing the quality and authenticity of the quantitative research outcome (Onwuegbuzie, Dickinson, Leech & Zoran, 2009). This is because it is plausible that some of the research respondents would give wrong and inaccurate information. Therefore, drawing comparisons between past research and research carried out would be crucial in identifying patterns that serve to authenticate the credibility and usefulness of the research.

Research Ethics

Research ethics is one of the essential factors that define a good and credible research. It contains a set of rules and guidelines, which researchers must adhere to when conducting their research in order to protect the respondents. In this case, it is the researcher’s duty to retrieve and use information collected for the purposes of the completion of the research. However, caution should be exercised to ensure that only pertinent information is used and the rest neglected (Maxwell, 2012). Additionally, it is the researcher’s duty to protect the information retrieved to ensure that only authorized personnel are able to view them. This is important since some of the personal, privacy information retrieved was given to the researcher on condition of anonymity, and when other people view, it would jeopardize the identity and welfare of the respondent (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005). For instance, information, such as one’s diseases is personal and leaking them to the public could result in the person being victimized.



In conclusion, conducting research on this topic would require a cocktail of both quantitative and qualitative methodologies to achieve maximum results from the research. A sequential explanatory design and a concurrent triangulation design will be used. Due to the uniqueness of the research topic, the selection of the target population will be difficult. The comparison and assessment of the quantitative research information would be done by comparing it to other identified researches retrieved using the qualitative research methodology



Bartlett, J. E., Kotrlik, J. W. & Higgins, C. C. (2001). “Organizational Research: Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research.” Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, 19 (1), 43-50.

Gill, P., Stewart, K., Treasure, E. & Chadwick, B. (2009). “Methods of data collection in qualitative research: interviews and focus groups.” British dental journal. 204(6), 291-295.

Hsieh, H. & Shannon, S. E. (2005). “Quantitative content analysis.” Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277-1288.

Maxwell, J. A. (2012). Qualitative research design: An interactive approach (3rd ed.).

Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Dickinson, W. B., Leech, N. L. & Zoran, A. G. (2009). “A Qualitative Framework for Collecting and Analyzing Data in Focus Group Research.” International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8(3): 1-21.

Orb, A., Eisenhauer, L. & Wynaden, D. (2000). “Ethics in Qualitative Research.” Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 33(1), 93-96.