Sample Research Paper on Human Trafficking in the United States and Mexico

Human Trafficking in the United States and Mexico

Human beings have been traded as products aimed to benefit some individuals who use them in forced labor and other selfish means for quite a long time. Traditionally, slavery acted as a global menace where people coerced their slaves to work under unbearable conditions and without earning wages. After a global consensus, slavery came to a halt and people embraced integration and enhanced worldwide positive relationship (Wheaton et al., 125). Consequently, with the emergence of globalization and industrial revolution, human trafficking erupted. Human trafficking refers to the trading of human beings, as the products, with the intention to use them in forced labor, sexual exploitation, and other activities that grossly violated their human rights (Chuang 137). Consequently, either human trafficking can be via coercion or the victims are willing to be detained so that they can access another country. Human trafficking has been a contagious issue especially in the countries of Mexico and the United States because victims are lured with employment promises and incentives. The menace increased in the 21st century until the United States proclaimed January to be a National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention month.

According to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC), the number of calls from people seeking help in the US increased from 19,427 to 20,650 between 2011 and 2012. The global figure of the number of people subjected to human trafficking hit 27 million in 2013. Based on the high volumes of victims and the risk involved, human trafficking is a costly event that embraces a lot of money laundering. In light of this, it elicits economic impacts where some are positive and others are adverse. According to Wheaton, Schauer, and Galli, human trafficking is the third most expensive transnational crime after drug and weapon trafficking (117). This implies that the business rakes in many billions of shillings because UNODC estimates that the business contributed approximately $31.6 billion of international trade in 2010. Therefore, the study implies that the trade involving human beings contributes to growing the country’s GDP (gross domestic product) due to the amount of money in circulation. However, the distribution of these resources is quite unfavorable because the money is disposable to few individuals. Additionally, there is another economic importance associated with human trafficking and it includes availability of cheap labor (Chuang 140). As mentioned earlier, some detainees are willing to gain access to another country; for instance, they escape from Mexico where they go to seek cheap labor in the US.

On the other hand, the impact of globalization and technological advancement contributes to the increased trend in human trafficking in the United States and Mexico. Education is one of the major contributors because most of the educated people lack employments after completing school. Therefore, they are vulnerable to void promises of employment and jobs; hence, they are lured to human smuggling. Similarly, with the continuous technological innovation and advancement the level of human trafficking is on the rise. Technology aid the criminals to beat the government traps in preventing human smuggling, they are able to detect the control measures upheld by the authorities (Nagle 150). Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to delineate the economic importance of human trafficking that embeds on contribution to GDP and availability of cheap labor. In addition, it states that increase in education availability among people and technology advancement accelerates the levels of human trafficking.




Works Cited

Chuang, Janie. Beyond a Snapshot: Preventing Human Trafficking in the Global Economy. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 13. 5(2006): 137-155

Nagle, Luz Estella. “Selling souls: the effect of globalization on human trafficking and forced servitude.” Wisconsin International Law Journal 26.1 (2008).

Wheaton, Elizabeth and Galli, Thomas. Economics of Human Trafficking. International Migration, 48. 4(2010): 114-137