Sample Research Paper on Impacts of Tourism in Brazil

Impacts of tourism in Brazil

Introduction

Brazil is among a couple of nations that have encountered quick development in the economy in the previous couple of years. One of the sectors that have altogether contributed towards the fast development of Brazil’s economy is tourism. Note that Brazil is positioned second as the tourism destination in the South America. Moreover, Brazil additionally comes third as the most visited nation by the tourists in the bigger Latin America. Brazil gets the greater part of their tourists from neighborhood Argentina. Nonetheless, a greater proportion of tourists of approximately 35% are from Europe, while the United States of America contribute to 15% of Brazils tourists. The locales in Brazil that are most toured are Rio de Janeiro, Salvador de Bahia, Sao Paulo, and around the beaches at the coastal regions (Mason 43).

In Brazil, the tourism business is highly developed, and it is a wellspring of occupation for the majority of the Brazilians by generating distinctive openings for job opportunities. The job opportunities that tourism industry opens in Brazil incorporate tour operators, hotels, as well as souvenir shops. The Brazil’s tourism industry got an awesome boost in the year 2014 when the nation hosted amongst the most prestigious sporting activities on the planet. Hosting the world cup of the year 2014 bolstered the tourism business of the Brazil. This was evident because the nation realized twofold revenue collected from the tourism industry when contrasted with the typical revenue gathered yearly (Shelley 52).

Negative socio-social effects of tourism in Brazil

Local identity and value loss

In most of the cases, Brazil has a tendency to publicize themselves in a specific way as a method of attracting the tourists. This dependably forces local people to behave in a sure manner to have the capacity to comply with the expected desires of the tourists. The parts of life that the locals normally change because of the tourism incorporate ethnic ceremonies, customary celebrations, together with the customs that are identified with their religions. Hence, local people tend to experience a loss of their identity and value as they strive to adjust to the social desires of the visiting tourists. Now and again, the Brazilian local people perform traditional shows that are not even from their ethnic gatherings. In addition, in Brazil, the individuals who take part in the ancient artifacts production dependably make their designs with the goal of suiting the tourists’ expectations instead of real cultural prerequisites. Thus, the validness with respect to the customs and the artifact production is lost. The outcome is a culturally loss society (Shelley 54).

Eviction of local people from their indigenous localities

Brazilians have encountered on numerous occasions removals of the local individuals from their genealogical grounds to make room for the tourism development. The eviction is done either willfully or forcefully when deemed necessary. Either the government or the private developers normally perform the actual eviction process. Despite the fact that local people are regularly compensated, they do encounter loss of connections with their progenitors together with their social convictions that are ascribed to their ancestral lands. This is on the grounds that the majority of the indigenous Brazilians by and large experience a profound association with their ancestral lands (Tojeiro 96).

The communities that were known to practice fishing as one of their cultural activities have been forced out from their ancestral lands especially by most of the hotel industries. Consequently, magnificent hotels have been developed on their lands and the beaches that symbolized customary lives have been privatized. These moves have denied the local Brazilians the right of interacting with their surroundings that were formally a symbol of their way of life. As a result, they experience a loss in regards to their traditional way of life.  These evictions have created feelings of disdain together with the dissatisfactions of the affected Brazilians towards tourism thereby underscoring some of the benefits that the tourism has brought to them (Mason 45).

Conflicts with respect to cultures

Tourism is about the interactions among individuals from diverse parts of the world. The communication itself includes the indigenous Brazilians among themselves and in addition between the Brazilians and the tourists from distinctive parts of the world. This interaction realizes the blending of societies, ways of life, together with the religious trusts that at last results in social conflicts. A decent case of this social conflict is the way at which tourism has enormously affected the dressing styles of local people. As of now, the modern Brazilians, particularly the females, have grasped an informative kind of dressing that was not seen amid their hereditary period (Mason 49).

There was a reported case in a few areas of the Rio de Janeiro in the year 2012 when a few segments of local people became very hostile to tourists. They blamed conflicting lifestyle and financial disparity between themselves and the travelers to be the explanations for their reported negative tourism states of mind. After investigating the matter further, it was found that local people were attempting at copying the tourists’ lifestyle. Nonetheless, since local people were not able to accomplish similar way of life because of the money related limitations, they felt disappointed. The disappointments incited the saw enmity of local people towards the tourists. Then again, a few reports have developed that claims that a few local people are aggravated with the way of which the tourists are acting. The greater parts of local people see these behaviors as indecent. Furthermore, the animosity can be attributed to the fact that the locals always occupy the lower jobs while the foreigners take the well-paid and respected jobs (Mason 50).

Exploitation of the local children sexually

Note that Brazil has legitimized grown-up prostitution. Nevertheless, prostitution in underage youngsters is an offense and is deserving of law. Of late, sex tourism has encountered an exceptional rise in Brazil; tragically, sexual abuse of the underage is additionally picking up prominence. A few brothels have been recognized where underage prostitution happens. Most of their customers are the so-called tourists who pay handsomely for the unholy business (Odeh 114).

According to the government report that was published in the year 2005, it revealed that more than a fifth of the Brazilian cities have secret Brothels that exercise children prostitution. The same report also revealed the regions that were most affected. These regions include Rio de Janeiro, Salvador de Bahia, and Sao Paulo. These regions have one thing in common in that they receive most of the tourists in Brazil. The result of this unfortunate event is moral degradation of the local children coupled with eventual ruining the lives of the affected children as well as their families. Apart from moral degradations that are contributed by the sex tourism, it also results in spreading of sexually transmitted diseases. Consequently, the locals have experienced a remarkable decline in the expectant life rate.

Child labor

Reports have uncovered that children perform the vast majority of the employments in the tourism sector. Tragically, these children have a tendency to be working under despicable conditions that are not suitable for individuals. They are denied the right to education. Aside from poor working conditions, these children are overworked and underpaid. Moreover, these children are not well trained without any job promotion opportunities. Child labor has gained popularity in Brazil because hiring children is not only cheap but also very convenient and flexible (Mason 52).

Increase in the crime rate

It is important to note that as the country experiences urbanization, the negative social influences also increases. Since most of the urban centers in Brazil have experienced rapid growth because of the influx of the tourists in the affected regions, the bad social influences have also increased. One of such negative social influence includes increased crime rates. One of the contributing factors for this occurrence is the availability of very many tourists with very many valuables assets such as a large amount of money, expensive watches, and camera together with pieces of jewelry. These items are constantly attracting thieves thereby increasing crime rates in the affected regions. In most cases, high crime rates also come together with the drug trafficking and abuse. Evidently, Brazil has experienced high crime rates coupled with high rates of drug trafficking and abuse in areas that are tourists attracting. Consequently, insecurity has emerged that has resulted in negative alterations of social behaviors in the affected regions in Brazil.

Efforts that Brazil has made to manage these negative social impacts

Government of Brazil together with the non-governmental organizations working in Brazil has made several efforts to manage the problems related to the negative social impacts of tourism in Brazil. To start with, the government has come up with museums and heritage centers as a way of dealing with the loss of identity and values of the indigenous Brazilians. At these sites, the culture of the locals in regards to the ethnic rites, traditional festivals, and rituals are preserved. Apart from the preservation of the local cultures, these centers have also provided employment opportunities for the locals. As for the eviction of the locals from their indigenous localities, the Brazilian government has ensured that those affected are adequately compensated and resettled in suitable regions.

In regards to the sexual exploitation of the Brazilians particularly the underage, the government in conjunction with the other agencies have made efforts to avert the bad social trend. Firstly, the government has imposed heavy fines together with the imprisonment for those found to violate. In addition, the agencies are working as the watchdogs for the brothels that undertake underage brothels. Moreover, the government has also come up with compulsory primary and secondary education for all of the Brazilians as a way of averting this underage prostitution. Besides, the government has also intensified sex education as a way of sensitizing the young children on the dangers of indulging in sex and prostitution (Odeh 116).

When it comes to the child labor, the government has intensified the campaign against child labor. In addition, legislation has been made to impose heavy fines with possible imprisonments for those found to perpetrate this vice. Nevertheless, the move to make education free in regards to primary and secondary is one of the moves that government has taken to control this social decadence. Finally, the government has beefed security to most of the areas that are facing insecurity in Brazil. This way the government has reduced instances of crime in most of the regions that were hot spots to insecurity. In addition, the government has formed anti-narcotic bodies that are mandated to deal with drug trafficking as well as rehabilitation of the victims of drug abuse (Mason 53).

Environmental impacts of tourism in Brazil

Tourism has impacted Brazil both positively and negatively. To start with, the positive impacts tourism in Brazil, it has promoted the eco-tourism. Ecotourism encompasses traveling to the natural regions that are deemed tourist attraction with the aim of environment conservation, promoting the welfare of the locals, as well as educating them. Ecotourism has benefited the local in the following ways. Firstly, it has built the Brazils environment by promoting the conservation of the environment. Apart from the building of the environment, eco-tourism has also assisted in the promotion of the awareness of the diverse culture of Brazilians together with the fostering of the respect of such cultures. Secondly, eco-tourism also assists in the reducing impacts such a behavioral, physical, social, and psychological (Odeh 118).

These are some of the negative impacts that are related to the urbanization that come about because of tourism. Thirdly, eco-tourism also assists in the development of infrastructures in areas that are deemed tourists attractions. These infrastructures assist in the improving the living standards of the locals as well as opening up these regions. Fourthly, eco-tourism has assisted the Brazil in availing finances from the international bodies that have been used for the purposes of environment conservation. Lastly, Brazil has also benefited from eco-tourism through fostering recognition of the rights of the local people as well as their spiritual believes in the affected communities.

Negative impacts of the tourism to the environment

Tourism has significantly impacted the environment negatively in various aspects. Firstly, it has promoted the destruction of the natural environment in the name of setting up the infrastructures. Most parts of Brazils has experienced a great deal of deforestations where large tracts of the forest land have been cleared to pave the way for the setting up of magnificent hotels and restaurants to host the tourists. Some sections of the forests have been cleared as a way of paving room for road construction. Deforestation has had diverse negative effects to the Brazil as a whole. To start with, it has contributed to the destruction of the habitat for most of the Brazil’s wildlife. Furthermore, deforestation has exposed Brazil to the negative effects of the climate change (Shelley 54).

Different parts of the Brazil have experienced a change in climatic conditions that has led the local people to change their way of life. Deforestation has also resulted in the destruction of the water catchment areas that were the sources of different Brazil’s rivers. The result is drying of some of the rivers that have greatly affected the aquatic lives in some sections of Brazil. Nevertheless, deforestation has exposed Brazil to the potential risk of desertification in regions that were formerly never experienced any desert-like features. Lastly, deforestation in Brazil that is brought about because of setting up of hotels and infrastructures has contributed to the occurrence of global warming. Global warming has led to the depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere thereby exposing the Brazilians to the harmful ultraviolet rays. Consequently, the locals have suffered from the bad effect of this harmful ray such as skin cancer (Tojeiro 96).

Apart from exposing the Brazil’s environment from the dangers related to the deforestation, tourism also affected the Brazil environment by promoting the pollution of the environment. The environmental pollution has come about because tourism has promoted urbanization of different parts of the Brazil. The urban centers that have experienced rapid growth because of the tourism include the Rio de Janeiro, Salvador de Bahia, and Sao Paulo. These towns are currently experiencing all sorts of pollution such as air, water, soil as well as the sound pollution (Shelley 60).

Endeavors made by the Brazil to deal with negative environmental impact

The Brazilian government has taken some remedies to avert the environmental problems that were brought about because of deforestation. The immediate remedy is exercising careful management of the forest resources through the discouraging clearing of forests in the name of building new hotels. Instead, the Brazilian government has encouraged the expansion of the already established hotels as a way of protecting the natural forest from being cleared. In addition, the government has also imposed hefty fines for individuals that are found to cut trees unnecessarily without replacing them by planting new ones (Odeh 114).

Furthermore, the government of Brazil with the help of some non-governmental organizations has also come up with reforestation programs by exercising tree plantation planting in some areas that were adversely affected. Examples of the programs that has benefited from this program include ITPA forest restoration program and the Reforestation Program in Amazon. Particularly, the Amazon reforestation program was a very intense exercise because it targeted planting of the massive one billion trees within the scope of five years. When it comes to pollution, the government of Brazil through the ministry of environment has established environmental policies and regulations that assist in preservation and regulation of the environment (Stepchenkova 37).

Conclusion

With respect to the social classes, Brazil is one of the nations that display an extraordinary extent of disparities. The distinction between poor people and the rich is wide. Subsequently, the nation is trusting the tourism sector as one of the economy’s segments that can help with the crossing over of the hole. Besides, tourism has contributed towards the fostering of the international understanding. In spite of the fact that tourism has altogether profited Brazil economically, it has additionally affected the nation contrarily with respect to the social and environmental viewpoints. The effect is so incredible in Brazil since the nation encounters delicate economic infrastructures together with the social frameworks. Notwithstanding, Brazil has incredible capability of enjoying the advantages of tourism only if the effects specified above are managed satisfactorily. The good news is that the positive impacts of tourisms outweigh the negatives.

Works cited

Mason, P. “The Socio-cultural Impacts of Tourism in Brazil.” Tourism Impacts, Planning and

Management 3.2 (2014): 42-54. Print.

Odeh, M. “The Wicked Problem of Tourism in Brazil: Economic Benefits versus Socio-cultural

Impacts.” Sustainable Tourism IV 2.2 (2010): 112 134. Print.

Shelley, P. “Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Brazil.” Tourism Impacts, Planning and

Management 4.2 (2012): 52-62. Print.

Stepchenkova, Svetlana. “Tourism in Brazil: Environment, Management and Segments.”

Tourism Management 2.1 (2013): 37-38. Print.

Tojeiro, M. C. “Welcome to Brazil, Amazon Region, the Green Center of the World: A Strategy

for Sustainable Tourism and Eco-tourism.” Cultural Tourism WIT Transactions on State of the Art in Science and Engineering 2.1 (2014): 93-103. Print.