Sample Research Paper on Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy

Introduction

Pearls of Wisdom

Pearls present narratives illuminating individuals’ past as well as a communal history. Their energetic, forceful, interactive, as well as genuine presentations not only encourage the tradition of elder stories of folk art, but also motivate audience contributors to share their individual stories. Presentations characteristically last one hour and include an introduction, presentation of a story, and discussion. Pearls present in a wide variety of appearances and surroundings. Their presentations are an enormous way to cultivate conversations during consciousness months, such as Women’s History Month, Black History Month, and Older America’s Month.

1955 Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lecture

Equipment Designed for Occupational Therapy

History

  • 1947 – 1950: it is determined by Hellebrandt and her associates that muscles contractile power and endurance is increased.
  • 1949: Hellebrandt and her associates elucidate the benefits of upright positions to care of patients by use of tilt table that allows blood flow in the body
  • 1952: Levine and Kabat expressed that inherent in all movements is the inclusion of the rotation of the trunk and pelvis.

Pearls Of Wisdom/history:

Occupational therapy is the use of medications and procedures to grow, recuperate, or uphold the daily living and skills of work for individuals with mental, physical, or progressive ailments (Padilla, 2011). A customer-centered exercise places quality on growth towards customer goals. Interventions of occupational therapy focus on familiarizing with the surrounding environment, modification of tasks, teaching the basic skills, as well as training the client/family to escalate involvement in and enactment of daily events, chiefly the meaningful ones to the patient. Occupational therapists frequently work strictly with specialists in physical therapy, nursing, social work, speech therapy, and the general community (Padilla, 2011). Bilateral tilt tables, standing table and tilt table utilizing unilateral, bilateral and alternative exercise patterns bring such benefits. The role of occupational therapists in assisting persons of all ages to overcome disability effects whether caused by disease, age or accident so that they can perform their daily tasks. They are skilled specialists who find answers to daily problems. For instance, advising an individual on approaching a duty using apparatus or assistive expertise, familiarizing one’s living or working location and coming up with plans to reach an individual’s chosen targets. An occupational therapist achieves an individual’s physical, social, mental, and ecological needs. This provision can make an actual change to one’s life, giving an individual a new sense of drive, opening up fresh perspectives, and varying the way in which an individual feel about the future.

 

 

 

1956 Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lecture

Therapist Into Administrator: Ten Inspiring Years

History

  • Values are necessary in the process of working with and through people to achieve group goals.
  • Administrators do well to harness group thinking to alleviate individual weaknesses that may arise out of feelings of inadequacy.
  • Administrators have the responsibility of bringing about methods of learning that should aid in further progress.

Pearls of Wisdom/History:

Along the way, the system used in hospitals has transformed. Instead of using metal chains and restraints, organizations have employed hard work and leisure actions. This has helped OT practitioners embrace new ways of participating in the workplace and towards group dynamics. In a newly industrial society, societies for arts and crafts developed alongside the tedium and lost to that of factory work.  Arts and crafts were employed as a way to promote education and offered an outlet for artistic drive and a way to circumvent the monotony that was related with long stays in the hospital, both for mental ailment and for tuberculosis. Though only a slight fraction of occupational therapists remain to work in the arena of psychological health, many institutions of higher education place a robust emphasis on drilling learners in psycho-social OT. Where a different streak is identified, alternatives should be sought not to alienate but to harness and respect such divergence. Each individual, though a part has a place in the whole.

1957 Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lecture

Powerful Levers In Little Common Things

History

  • 1913: Eleanor Clarke Slagle becomes first director of occupational therapy at the Henry Phipps psychiatric clinic at John Hopkins Hospital
  • 1917: First annual meeting of the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy in New York City
  • 1917-1937 Eleanor Clarke Slagle hold various positions in the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy and thereafter the American Occupational Therapy association.

Pearls of Wisdom/History:

A practitioner of occupational therapy conveys the services of occupational therapy that reflect its theoretical base and are reliable with the recognized values and notions of practice as well as theory. A practitioner of occupational therapy is erudite about and conveys services of occupational therapy according to AOTA principles, strategies and rules, and state, national, and other lawful and payer necessities applicable to practice and delivery of service. Additionally, occupational therapy practitioners uphold existing licensure, checks, or certification as mandated by law. However, an occupational therapy practitioner abides by the code of ethics for OT as well as the standards for continuing competence by instituting, upholding, and informing professional recital, acquaintance, and skills. An occupational therapist is answerable for all faces of delivery of services for occupational therapy, and is responsible for the protection and efficiency of the OT service delivery process. An assistant in occupational therapy is answerable to provide safe and successful occupational therapy services under the management of and partner with the occupational therapist, and according to laws or regulations and AOTA documents. Further, a practitioner of OT maintains present information of legislative, supporting, social, educational, societal, and reimbursement issues touching clients and the performance by occupational therapists.  Nevertheless, a practitioner of occupational therapy is conversant about evidence-based research and applied it morally and properly to offer services for occupational therapy consistent with the best practice approaches.  Knowledge and the realization of various issues should help towards the improvement of an OT and those they interact with. They are not to hoard what they acquire. Finally, an occupational therapy practitioner respects the client’s socio-cultural milieu and offers client-centered as well as family-centered services of occupational therapy.

 

1958 Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lecture

Every One Counts

History

  • Holistic growth and development embodies emotional development, intellectual or educational input and professionalism.

Pearls of Wisdom/History:

Early occupational therapists accept the need to come up with an identity and some solidity amongst themselves. They have prearranged to endorse occupational therapy to the therapeutic occupation and the community. In 1930s, OT advanced and included vocational guidance, clinical workshops as well as industrial programs of therapy. The plans were formulated to help newly discharge patients to assist them readjust and expand lenience to work. Occupational therapists tackle neurological, orthopedic, and psychiatric situations. Factors fueling the changes are both within and without their surroundings and environment. Learning from one another is crucial.

1959 Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lecture

The Essentials of Work Evaluation

History

  • Individuals engaged in OT should be able to be determined of their suitability through appropriate means.
  • Testing is crucial in the determination of need and the way to ensure that goals are attained.
  • Pretesting, testing and reporting form part of base to ensure that whatever is undertaken is understood for what it is.

Pearls of Wisdom/History:

OTs provides a critical role in the organization and continuing growth of the global confederation of occupational therapists. Through the years, there was the growth of intervention principles for consumer-focused performance of OT and set result procedures in OT, all available through several of Occupational Therapists. OT has moved from focusing on the medical model to society based performance and endorsement of health.  Currently, technology plays a vast impact on the growth of occupational therapy. The rate of OT has moved and places a large piece on communication and customer centered practice. The need for evidence to authenticate services and meet the payers demand is a motivating strength.

The 1950s Discussion Question

Number 12

  1. What were Rood’s views of theory versus technique? How would these views impact occupational therapy student education today if they were implemented?

Rood’s techniques sought to embrace the holistic and normal human development sequence and its application in therapeutic interventions.  They lay emphasis on motor function and its development through integration of reflexes. Later this changed to favor the nervous system as the one that drives movements. It has excluded aspect of voluntary thought and the use of the mental inputs that are affected by mental health.

Mental health is the effective performance of mental function that results to productive actions and fulfillment of human relations and the aptitude to adapt to change and cope up with hardships. The training of OT practitioners would identify mental health or any service for mental health or aid provided in a learning environment. Students should develop appropriate behaviors in class as well as positive interaction skills for successful participation in practice. This would enable OT develop socio-emotional skills through making and keeping friends, cope with stress and feelings, interact with groups and learn self-advocacy. Some patients may have problems while interacting with others, as well as keeping friends. This problem may sometimes arise from mental illness and in order for a patient to demonstrate proper behavior in therapy; he or she may benefit from helpful routines to plan and organize personal tasks, materials and activities, pay attention and participate in activities with others. However, occupational therapy practitioners help patient’s succeed in their day to day activities, especially in hospitals, dining halls, play grounds and extra curriculum activities. An OT practitioner has a study base in activity input, human growth as well as social and emotional learning.

 

Conclusion

As Eleanor Clarke Slagle (1876-1942) suggests, the volume holds a factual bequest in the custom of one amongst the greatest pioneers of OT. The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) documented the influence of this pioneer by establishing its uppermost award in her admiration in 1953. This collection presents the 47 Eleanor Clarke Slagle talks, and while every one of them stand firm as its individual solid example of scholarship, sequentially read, they form a sole record of the stable growth and growing complexity of occupational therapy. The lecture has history, management mentoring, rebuke, philosophy, support, and practical guidance. Above all, Eleanor Clarke Slagle (1876-1942) reflects her vision of the incorporation of theory, attitude, and spirit from which instructors, practitioners and scholars can draw ideas.

 

 

 

References

Padilla, R. (Ed.) (2011). A professional legacy: The Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lectures in occupational therapy: 1955-2010, 3rd edition. Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.