Significance of the Study
Reduction of Gaps
The study conducted at Georgia’s inner-city emergency departments revealed that there is a lack of value-based care as a result of the ineffective use of Health Information Technology (HIT) by the hospital administrators. This incompetence is a result of several gaps both in the human resources and the system. Some of the limitations reflected in the study include poorly managed electronic health records (EHR), limited access to administrative databases, the disintegration of the healthcare, interruptions of the attending physicians, high staff turnover rates, computer viruses and crashes, malpractice litigations, and the ineffective processes utilized by the hospital administrators to improve the adoption of evidence-based and HIT. However, the study explores the solutions to be implemented to reduce the gaps between information technology and value-based care in the emergency care department.
Firstly, the use of EHRs in the emergency department ensures quality and safer care for patients. The technology equally reduces mistakes accompanied by diagnosis, facilitates the process of obtaining relevant information according to the patient’s records at the point of care, enhances communication with the patient and other clinicians, and reduces medical errors (Health IT, 2019). Practitioners should be familiarized with the EHR system to ensure accurate and safer medical records that contribute to the delivery of value-based care. Secondly, leadership is very crucial in ensuring the adoption and implementation of value-based care in the emergency department. The leaders are tasked with managing and overseeing all medical activities in order to ensure high-quality care delivery to all patients. Similarly, they ensure adequate supply and availability of technological tools used in the event of delivering care. The adequate supply of technological tools reduces stress in the emergency department physicians, thus guaranteeing job satisfaction, less staff turnover, and improve work processes which result in better healthcare. Additionally, the provision of advanced technological tools improves communication between providers and patients, as well as between providers and providers. Lastly, compliance with the Health Information Technology of Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) by the emergency department ensures adherence to adequate health care and evidence-based clinical guidelines. The Act aims at improving the model of healthcare delivery as well as the patient’s service (Witten, 2018).
Implications of Biblical Integration
Biblical integration is an essential spiritual aspect in the medical field which facilitates the achievement of value-based care in all healthcare sectors. Human beings have spiritual needs that are always intrinsic throughout their lifetime. These intrinsic needs entail beliefs and connection with God based on related spiritual books that hold accounts of God’s manifestation in human life (Yousefi & Abedi, 2011). Religious people tend to associate their lives with those of the biblical accounts and always believe that God is the sole healer and life-giver. Based on these spiritual beliefs, treatment is more likely to be effective in individuals whose spiritual needs are met in the process of healthcare delivery. Although medical practitioners find it challenging to satisfy a patient’s spiritual needs, it is vital in facilitating the healing process once the patient feels connected with God, thus improving value-based care. For instance, as illustrated in Mark 5: 25-34, the woman who had suffered a bleeding plague for a couple of years believed that upon touching Jesus’ garment, she would definitely receive healing. Through faith she received healing; her spiritual needs were met amidst her time of pain. Therefore, emergency medical practitioners need to satisfy the spiritual needs of patients through the formation of mutual relations with the patient and the provision of the necessary conditions for the patient’s connection with God. With the reflection of God’s healing works on the bleeding woman, patients with emergency medical needs will definitely have faith in the medical procedures and will have a reason to live again. This psychological phenomenon facilitates the healing process, thus enhancement of value-based care.
The emergency department physicians need to embrace the compassionate attribute that will help them effectively incorporate ethics and spirituality in the process of health care delivery to reinforce the adoption and implementation of value-based care. This attribute is key when it comes to the emergency scenario where there is heightened urgency and crowding. The patients are always distressed and hopeless about life. It calls for the physician’s intervention to redeem the life-threatening situation tactfully. At this stage of agony, the physician needs to engage wholly the patient’s aspects of life including physical, emotional, spiritual, and social in order to achieve better outcomes. A compassionate physician is better placed in attaining value-based care since they have the ability to meet the entire needs of the patient including spirituality. They have the urge of relieving those in pain and giving hope to the hopeless. Biblically, it is evident that compassion results to better health when Jesus restored the sight of the two blind men in Jericho as recorded in Mathew 20: 29-34. Jesus was driven by compassion to ensure the well-being of the two men. Therefore, in order to ensure effective value-based care in the emergency department, the medical attendants need to be compassionate.
Relationship to Field of Study
Based on the research conducted in Georgia’s inner-city emergency departments, it is evident that the hospital administrators are unable to efficiently use Healthcare Information Technology in fulfilling emergency needs and achieving desirable health outcomes. The administrators are not adequately informed nor skilled on how to utilize the technological tools provided. They are not accustomed to the complex nature of HIT, thus resulting in high user errors that negatively impact the nature of care provided to patients. HIT, according to Brooks, (2019), is a health electronic system that stores, shares, and analyzes important medical information to enable efficient management of patients’ data. The lack of skills and proper information concerning HIT fails the sole purpose of this technological system, thus eventually resulting in poor care delivery. Therefore, thorough training on the usability of HIT by the administrators is essentially needed in order to make timely, informed decisions that add value to patients.
Healthcare Information Technology includes technology like Electronic Health Records (EHR), and wearable Radiofrequency Identification (RFID). These technologies are designed to ensure the achievement of better patient care, ease of workflow, and safer storage of medical reports. The merging of these healthcare technologies allows interoperability with other systems in the department for consistent and accurate patients data across all healthcare units. With the high rate of technological advancements, the policymakers in the healthcare department need to make informed decisions and adopt the right technologies for future purposes (Hemmat et al., 2017). Keeping up with the technological advancements is key in ensuring quality and safer care delivery, thus reinforcing value-based care.
According to the study in Georgia’s inner-city emergency departments, the implementation of solutions will benefit both the emergency physicians and the patients correspondingly. The physicians will benefit through access to an adequate supply of the technological tools that relieve stress and improves work processes in the emergency department. The use of EHRs will enable physicians to quickly access the patient’s information at the point of care. Patients will similarly benefit through receiving timely and safer care during emergency cases with the implementation of value-based care. Additionally, the patients will be able to communicate efficiently with their physicians through the EHR system installed.
Brooks, A. (2019). What Is Health Information Technology? Exploring the Cutting Edge of Our Healthcare System. Rasmussen College. Retrieved from https://www.rasmussen.edu/degrees/health-sciences/blog/what-is-health-information-technology/
Health IT.gov. (2019). What are the advantages of Electronic Health Records? Health IT.gov. Retrieved from https://www.healthit.gov/faq/what-are-advantages-electronic-health-records
Hemmat, M., Ayatollahi, H., Maleki, M. R., & Saghafi, F. (2017). Future Research in Health Information Technology: A Review. NCBI. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5430110/
Witten, B. (2018). The HITECH Act and Electronic Health Records. The University of South Florida. Retrieved from https://health.usf.edu/is/blog/2018/02/13/The-HITECH-Act-and-Electronic-Health-Records