Sample Research Paper Physical Geography affects to the Economy of Brazil

Physical Geography affects to the Economy of Brazil

There are exists the various aspects of physical geography that affects the economy of Brazil. In this paper, I will focus on the examples of agriculture and industry aspects influencing the economy of Brazil. Brazil is one the largest producers of livestock.  First, 20 per cent of the total workers in the country are employed in the firms. Thus, the production of the livestock has been crucial in creating increased employment opportunities in the country. Also, 30 per cent of the land is used for ranching and farming workers. The increased land being opened for farming has been responsible for increased livestock production in the country, as it increases the total farming output and space. With the introduction of modernized livestock keeping methods and equipments, Brazil has been able to increase its productivity. Secondly, the Brazil has been a leading producer of other agricultural products as such as coffee, oranges, and sisal.   It offers a wide variety of crops (Fally, Rodrigo and Cristina 156). In terms of food, Brazil is self-sufficient. Lastly, the land is Brazil has been used for cattle grazing for meat production.

The physical geography of Brazil is characterized by diverse topography. First, the Amazon River carries more water to the ocean compared to any other river systems in the world.  Brazil has a humid climate conditions with tropical climates. Rainy season occurs during the summer period allowing for farming activities. The tropic rainy aspects occur around the Amazon River basin. The location is covered with little temperature variations during the large part of the year. The nation is in a favorable position of the South American region leading to lower or no seismic activities.  The highlands and plateaus have an average of less than 4000 feet. The different physical climatic characteristics are beneficial in enhancing farming in the economy (Knox, John and Linda 214). Secondly, Brazil has tropical soils fertile enough to produce high yields of crops per year. The nation’s soils have high initial fertility with high acidic content.  The largest regions of fertile soils are commonly known as terra roxa, while the least fertile soils are the Amazon.  Farmers have used irrigation and other farming strategies to enhance acidity correction and plant breeding.  Finally, the country has a wide variety of vegetation including the presence of different woody species. The woody species have economic value in the production of plywood.

In addition, the manufacturing sector has increasingly become sophiscated promoting the current economy growth and development.  Most of the consumer products are produced domestically from the country’s factories and manufacturing units. The country’s manufacturing sector is second after service sector in terms of the overall economic value. Major manufacturing centers are located in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande states (Knox et al., 264). Secondly, Brazil has other growing and developed industries including food processing, making of textiles and iron and steel production units. The automobile assembly is also responsible for extensive industrial operations in the country. In summary, automobile production has been recognized as one the economic producing sector in the country.

Moreover, Brazil’s forestry and fishing is economically viable, but it is not fully exploited.  First, the main forest product necessary in the production of timber is the Parana Pine. Secondly, a large amount of timber is used in the making of charcoal in which is a major source of fuel in Brazil. However, there are other forestry products including timber, fruits, gums and nuts.  In terms of fishing, commercial fishing is practiced in a small-scale operation even though there are abundant fish off in the coasts (Fally et al., 167). Finally, most of fishing is done domestically and consumed locally.

Works Cited


Fally, Thibault, Rodrigo Paillacar, and Cristina Terra. “Economic geography and wages in Brazil: Evidence from micro-data.” Journal of Development Economics 91.1 (2010): 155-168.

Knox, Paul, John Agnew, and Linda McCarthy. The geography of the world economy. London, UK: Routledge, 2014.