Sample Research Proposal on Domestic Violence

Abstract

The research covered will establish the factors influencing the effectiveness of domestic violence treatment programs. These will be highlighted through the literature gathered, with facts substantiating on the findings. It will also give a description of the methods used, results and a conclusion about how the treatment programs on victims of domestic violence are affected by various factors.

Introduction

Domestic violence occurs between couples staying together and in most cases affects women (Summers & Hoffmans, 2002). The violence influences the emotional state of both parties, thereby establishing the need for a victim to be restored back to their normal state. This calls for initiatives in form of programs in order to assist the abusers to stabilize mentally and emotionally.

These programs are usually designed to help victims of violence to recoup after violence. They use effective approaches to help stabilize the victims of domestic violence so that they can be able to live in the community.

Literature review:

Treatment programs are meant to help victims of violence to be stable in one way or the other. However, these programs can be influenced by certain variables that may hinder or promote their effectiveness on the victims during treatment. Domestic violence can also affect the dependants if never controlled hence the need to design proper initiatives. This is because the programs can be effective in managing victims post-trauma and such can effectively impact their lives.

The treatment programs are also affected by various factors that can interfere with the intervention strategies, thereby reducing the effectiveness of these programs on victims. These programs are affected by inadequate use of comprehensive assessment tools (Hart, 1992), a tool that is needed to help in the effectiveness of such programs. In adequate screening tools to establish the cause and nature of the violence to help in intervening reduces the chances of establishing the truth concerning the victim’s behavior and personality, hence hindering the chances of success.

The use of ineffective approach may also reduce the effectiveness of these programs, with lack of appropriate standards and policy that adhere to the treatment of the victims, reducing the chances of responding to medication and other treatment methods. In instances where the quality aspects of the intervention plans are missing, there is a likelihood of affecting the quality and effectiveness of the programs during treatment. This is because efforts being made to enforce proper policies may tend to lack standards, thereby encouraging vices that could promote professional negligence.

In other instances, attributes of personality also can influence the treatment programs (Tower, 2006) among abusers of domestic violence, with personal attitudes being established to reduce the delivery of an effective treatment program among victims of domestic violence. This is because such attributes may affect the counseling and interaction process between the victim and the counselors hence making the victims to shy away, and on the other hand reduce participation between the two parties involved in the rehabilitation process. The emergence of such sour relationships between the parties affect the screening process, because the victims cannot respond during the interaction as a result of the perceived difference that has emerged which may have been brought about by unknown issues leading to a change in their mental and emotional states. The strained relationship between the two parties causes the parties involved to experience poor communication, which consequently hinders information disclosure by the victims, thereby impacting on the intervention plans during the administration of the treatment plan between the counselor and the victims. This reduces the chances of the victim responding to treatment and stabilizing thereafter. This is because information that is hidden from the victims can affect the response nature and quality of the intervention program laid before, since a remedy can only be administered after gathering information from the victims.

The treatment programs are also affected by situational factors, which reduce the effectiveness of the treatment programs on victims. Victims of domestic violence seem to have varying personalities that can often change when they are handled differently during the administration of the programs. In instances where victims and abusers feel anxious, they may not be willing to share their issues in order to help in addressing their problems, especially when different counselors are used during the administration of the treatment programs. Situational factors can lead to various psychological barriers that can strain the level of participation of the parties involved when administering the treatment programs. This is because they affect the interpersonal relationships between the parties involved during the administration of the program. The strain between the two affects the participation and productivity among the parties thereby reducing the chances of the programs being effective.

Apart from the victims and counselors involved, institutions providing or administering the treatment programs also influence the outcome of the programs on abusers hence hindering their chances of being rehabilitated. In instances where the institutions are not able to address a variety of internal problems that are psychological in nature, this may hinder the success of the rehabilitation programs, as these heavily reduce the success rates of ongoing treatment strategies among the victims of domestic abuse.

It is also established that screening is a critical component in assessing victims of domestic violence. This is because it helps in establishing an effective treatment program that may be offered by a healthcare provider, since it provides an avenue to establish a comprehensive audit that can be effected by a given provider in the treatment of the victims.

Apart from that, clinicians also influence the outcomes of such treatment programs, especially when they lack proper training. Inadequate training results to inefficiencies as they lack appropriate methods of handling victims of domestic violence, especially when there is no truth, resulting to interference in the process.

In instances where treatment programs rely on content to foster knowledge among the providers, the treatment programs may be affected especially when the appropriate content is not tailored to suit the victims. In other instances, lack of adequate curriculum development procedures used in impacting knowledge on counselors also may result to an ineffective treatment approach, since these constitute the critical elements of impacting knowledge in the lives of people handling such vulnerable people.

Research design

Methods:

The research was carried out using a group of populations of males and females, which mainly consisted of people who are victims of domestic violence. It involved a set of interviewers and questionnaires that were used to gather data from the participants. The questions were structured to allow for conformity among the range of respondents in order to ascertain the correct information as collected from the answers given be the victims. A qualitative approach will be used to collect data and other information that is deemed important, which will then be analyzed through a deductive technique in which the respondents will be looked into and answers given through the use of questionnaires.

Participants:

The research will involve a group of 100 participants, a combination of both males and females whose treatment was affected in some way. Their ages will range between 20 and 60, and will randomly be chosen while considering certain elements. The participants will also consist of Africans and Whites.

Materials:

There are materials that will be used to sum up a comparison between the level of abuse and the effectiveness of the programs. These will mainly be the questionnaires which will be used in collecting the findings of the research, with various factors that will also be noted during the survey in order to gather more information as possible. The materials being an important element in facilitating the research process, they will be handled by the use of software programs that will be used to store information gathered from the respondents. The questionnaires also on the other hand were used in compiling reports based on the assessments collected regarding the factors influencing the effectiveness of the treatment programs.

 Procedures:

The research involved interviewing the participants who are victims of domestic violence, where the responses were collected from the victims and analyzed through content analysis. This involved looking at the nature of responses and making a conclusion based on the information gathered. The victims were mainly asked to ascertain the effectiveness of the treatment programs after completing the treatment. It also involved the participants being asked to name the factors that affect their recovery process after completing the programs.

Results:

The responses indicated that the duration of treatment influenced the outcome of their lives after the aftermath. It is established that the victims encountered problems that were a stumbling block towards the completion of the rehabilitation process, which was pegged on time and duration of the treatment programs. Victims that concentrated on their treatment had positive outcomes as compared to victims that had interruptions in between their programs either due to psychological, emotional and physical elements. It is also established that most of them who completed their treatment coped well in life after being discharged from the treatment.

Physical attributes and duration of treatment is also established to result to the ineffectiveness of the treatment programs, with the responses indicating that the duration affects the emotional states, a significant element that took long to heal.

The results also indicate that a significant proportion of the victims agree that inadequate funding also reduces the effectiveness of the programs. This is because funding formed a critical component that affects the number of counselors and duration of treatment, based on the availability of funds to facilitate the entire treatment program. A number of victims also cited that the environment affects the treatment programs where, most concurred that the effectiveness of these programs are based on the state of the atmosphere that facilitates a complete healing process.

Discussion

The report of the findings establishes a relationship between the treatment programs and the factors affecting their effectiveness on the aftermath of the violence on victim’s lives. It is established that the treatment approaches that are being used in treating the victims have direct impact on quality, effectiveness and durability of the treatment programs on victim’s lives. The quality of life on the aftermath of the violence was found to be dependent on how effective an approach was used during treatment.

The research having factored and analyzed the information gathered from the respondents by examining the contents and the victim’s life during and after treatment, showed that the outcome was majorly attributed to the recovery process. It also highlights that adequate funding, content, policy implementation and proper administration of the treatment programs can help in restoring the former state of victims of domestic violence. The victim’s responses as gathered by the questionnaires indicate that the treatment programs based on comprehensive audit of their lives helped in the healing process. It was also noted that approaches used contribute positively in the healing aspects especially when the factors are psychological or emotional in nature.

Clinically, an effective treatment program proven to be effective must have an assessment phase that establishes the state of a victim in order to tailor a plan that is conducive and effective during the treatment process. This research is therefore relevant in that it helps in analyzing the various elements affecting treatment programs among victims of domestic violence, while also highlighting the various limitations gathered substantiated by facts collected through the use of questionnaires.

The research also has limitations, in that it only gives the theoretical aspect of the barriers, and there is no indication concerning the therapeutic approaches that can help restore the victims back to their earlier states. It is therefore beneficial in the clinical field as it helps in shedding light on how to tailor therapeutic approaches in order to impact positively on the lives of victims of domestic violence.

Conclusion

The research established the various factors that may influence the treatment programs. It indicates that there are both internal and external elements that can affect the delivery of such programs in the lives of victims of domestic violence. It is therefore important to reduce the factors in order to achieve success during treatment.

References

Hart, B., & National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. (1992). State codes on domestic violence: Analysis, commentary and recommendations. Reno, Nev.: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges.

Summers, R. W., & Hoffman, A. M. (2002). Domestic violence: A global view. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Tower L. Barriers in Screening Women for Domestic Violence: A Survey of Social Workers, Family Practitioners, and Obstetrician–Gynecologists. (2006). Journal Of Family Violence 21(4), 245-257.