Sample Sociology Essay on Charlie Hebdo Shooting-Protests

Charlie Hebdo Shooting-Protests

This article depicts framing of a social issue that revolves around Charlie Hebdo shootings and protests. In social science, framing entails a set of theoretical perspectives and concepts based on how groups, individuals, and communities communicate, organize, and perceive reality. Framing incorporates social construction in a phenomenon that involves media, and social movements. It is an inevitable procedure of selective influence over perspective of individuals concerning meanings that relate to words. Framing is also perceived as a communication that is either positive or negative about audience and the kind of information that is being transformed. Framing incorporates selection of reality perception by making them salient in communication (Becky 45). This is to depict the issue in the text, its interpretation, moral evaluation and recommendation.

In social theory, framing is an interpretation and collection of stereotypes that individuals depend on to understand and give their feedback on events. This implies that people tend to construct series of mental filters via cultural and biological influences. As a result, they use the filters to depict sense concerning the world.  Choices that individuals make are influenced by creation of a frame. As a key element in sociology, framing incorporates various elements of social interaction that is evident among human beings.

Social Problem Construction

These are issues that entail socially constructed phenomena whose significance differs based on needs of various interests groups and attention from the media. Sociologically, such problems are designed to exhibit the difference between occurrence of harm due to public outrage and threats. For instance, threats that incorporate terrorists’ attacks usually involve a huge deal of outrage. However, the issue is not a vital threat to well being of individuals. This implies that members of the community with authoritative roles such as politicians can easily access the media and reduce fears of the public on terrorism (Burke 76).

Social contructionism incorporates concepts about sociology that can also be termed as social construction of reality. It is a communication approach or theory of knowledge that analyzes on understandings, meanings, and significance that are developed within individuals and how they cooperate with others. Social constructs entail rules that are related to the judgment of human beings. Typically, social constructionism does not relate to anti-determinism and it perceives phenomena based on inherent transhistorical essences that do not rely on human judgment. A key focus of social constrictionism is to uncover tactics that individuals and groups employ in construction of their perceived social reality. It incorporates assessment techniques in which social phenomena are formulated and imparted into traditions by people.

The social construction about reality is a dynamic and continuing procedure that is reproduced when individuals act on their knowledge and interpretations. Social constructs are reality facets and objects of knowledge that do not exist by nature. This implies that they must be maintained in a constant manner and also re-affirmed to persist. This procedure highlights on change possibility the meaning of justice and its application to diverse generations.

Theoretical Perspective of Critical Constructionism

Based on this theory, there is an assumption that people rationalize their experience based on how they function in the social world hence account for reality. Sociological theories depict the manner and reasons in which certain facts around the social world co-relate. Social theory focuses on critique and commentary of the modern society instead of explanation. Social theories are frameworks that incorporate empirical evidence that are useful in study and interpretation of social phenomena. Social thoughts give general theories that explain actions and general behaviors in community. This approach makes distinctions on various societies and its current modernity (Zedd 111).

According to social constructionists, knowledge is constructed rather than created. Theorists perceive knowledge to be beliefs that individuals use to make reasonable confidence and also entails common sense. Based on grounded theory, social constructionism involves terms that correlate with nature of reality. In critical constructionism, individuals need to understand that they can evaluate nature and validity of arguments that surrounds its use. This implies that people measure their world of experiences via cognitive procedures. Interpretivism approach depicts difference between natural and social sciences by revealing the meaning and understanding of social phenomena.

Constructionists perceive that truth and knowledge is created and not discovered by mind. This is a contrary view to the realist perspective. In accordance with the Critical theory, both social constructionism and positivism are too unrealistic and superficial (Becky 89). Conversely, the positivism approach depicts knowledge to exist as a single sense data while theories are human made and connect with single data. Critical realism reveals that there exists a world that is independent of human beings.

The Issue

The issue to analyze in this case concerns the protests and shooting of Charlie Hebdo. According to the Toronto Star news article, the problem started when gunmen used sophisticated means to attack a satirical French magazine. This prompted thousands of people to protests in streets of Paris with a message that were not afraid of the attacks. The attackers claimed that they wanted to silence the voice of this magazine as it contents were offensive against the Islamic religion. The assailants who were dressed in black knew their targets well before they executed the operation. Their focus was on the French cartoonists who had drawn the images they perceived to be offensive to Islam and the editor of the magazine who refused to step down despite numerous death threats.

At the Charlie Hebdo’s headquarters in Paris who are also the owners of French satirical newspaper, there were shootings that led to injuries and deaths at the scene. As a result, the heavy armed police officers arrived at the location in search of the suspects involved in the crime. France remained on alert due to the occurrence of this attack while rallies and vigils took place in various cities across the state.

Causes of the Problem

In this article, it is clear that the root of the problem is democracy, which is freedom of expression of an individual. Giving free speech is fundamental and a sign of democracy that enables the society to govern itself. For instance, this applies to a community that does not incorporate violence and solves problems in a peaceful manner. A democratic society incorporates minds that can be changed in a voluntarily way and attitudes that can be evolved. This implies that people make decision for others in a society without democracy. A good example of lack of democracy is evident on the office attacks of French magazine that belonged to Charlie Hebdo. This depicted a direct assault on democracy and the idea of killing freedom of speech idea as a whole.

Causal Interpretation

This magazine writes about political satire where it satirizes politicians, government leaders, and public figures. Additionally, it makes frequent jokes at expense of each of greatest religion in the world. I attest that satire is the most persuasive form of communication to the audience, which as a joke it appears to be both a humor and truth (Burke 98). The modern society in western countries perceives news that enlightens to be based on idea of keeping private version sacred.  Conversely, when it comes to public sphere, all things are up for debate or discussions. In this case, the armed men who attacked Charlie Hebdo’s cartoonists believe in violence rather than arguments. On the contrary, editors and writers believe in a different society model whose rules cannot be challenged by human reasons.

Social constructionism is a communication approach or theory of knowledge that analyzes on understandings, meanings, and significance that are developed within individuals and how they cooperate with others. This theory applies to this situation in the article about attack on Charlie Hebdo’s office and the protests. Social constructs entail rules that are related to the judgment of human beings. Typically, social constructionism does not relate to anti-determinism and it perceives phenomena based on inherent transhistorical essences that do not rely on human judgment. A key focus of social constrictionism is to uncover tactics that individuals and groups employ in construction of their perceived social reality. This implies that the attackers used their tactics to accomplish their mission on the attack.

However, in real circumstances, not majority of individuals would wish to spend their entire life being offensive by mocking political and other religions. Conversely, we would love to stay in a world whereby everyone behaves like Charlie by being democratic. However, freedom and civilization are impossible but can be achieved when individuals attempt to take Charlie’s part. This attributes to democracy that it can only be possible when individuals challenge the status quo. This can take place anywhere, in print, places of worship, social media and at friend’s meetings (Zedd 94).

It is also vital to note that the assailants did not represent a large section of the Muslim community. In this respect, individuals are supposed to stand by Charlie Hebdo and support the art of satire. This is because the use of satire in writing has always been a liberty force against dishonesty, tyranny, and foolishness. Additionally, religions also deserve to be criticized especially when they go wrong. If not it means that we do not respect but fear to condemn weird things that happen in our religions. Lack of respect to various denominations is not part of democracy and this explains civil liberty that endorses respect.  In a modern society, democracy is possible when criticism of all sorts of ideas is allowed.

Evaluating Attack on Charlie Hebdo

This attack involved a bomb fire that was imposed on a staff at Charlie Hebdo’s office for having run cartoon about Prophet Mohammed. This cartoon depicted truth concerning the universe and a magazine’s commitment on its identity. Ten staff and two police officers were killed in the incident and twenty individuals were injured. This attack affected activities that were carried out at the publication house and other institutions around. For instance, police were forced to evacuate children from the neighborhood while work at Charlie Hebdo’s office came to a standstill (Becky 75). Based on the editor’s perspective at Charlie Hebdo, satire was essential for free press. This means that silence was not a good option to respond to issues that affected individuals in society. As leaders such as Barrack Obama condemned the attacks, the scene horrified the media. According to news houses, this does not only affect media personality but the entire community and worse is that our democracy is seriously affected.

In regard to this, France is depicted as a state that has failed profoundly in matters that concern sense of their diversity. In future, there might be debates concerning failure of nature and how outcome of positive events might appear. This depicts a dangerous moment for France especially when there is no freedom of press. The reason is that terrorists are loose in the city and decisions that the nation make during terror are not always the best to curb such problems. Based on media reports, the aim of the attacks were to deepen the level of distrust among Muslims in France.  The assault also depicted clash of cultures between the West who were devoted to free expression and religious extremism.

These attacks occur after thousands of Europeans became part of Jihadist groups who facilitated terrorism acts by fueling concern about Islamic radicalism. President Obama condemned the killings when he defended French citizens. He asserted that the French citizens were in support of universal values that different generations of people protected. Additionally, Obama also promised to be in touch with French officials. This is by authorizing his administration to aid French police officers in order to bring terrorists to face justice.

In regard to the attack that took place at Charlie Hebdo’s office, there has been rise of concern on religious extremism and freedom of expression. From the article, it is evident that the attack in Paris depicts a power of mockery. It is also evident that after the deadly attack, majority of journalists failed to confront jihad groups in their publications. All the rebellious voices that denounced the occurrence of violence and its risks were silenced. As a result, they were labeled as anti-patriots and accused of being on one side with extremists (Burke 266).

Moral Evaluation or Recommendation

After assessing numerous years that various countries including France have failed to defeat war on terror, citizens should realize that dichotomy is not right. Violence entails various scandals concerning torture, abuse of power, and indefinite detention. This implies that as a nation, citizens cannot achieve security without respecting human dignity that accounts for all individuals.  In attempt to protect freedom of expression, it is significant for France nationalists to be in a position to handle the Muslim population. This would hinder attacks and killings that journalists encounter when the politicians media does not push its citizens to support one side. In pursuit to follow the right path, both the media and politicians need to embrace freedom of expression among its citizens (Zedd 308). The same concept should apply in religion matters to enable people to respect each other’s denomination despite their background to evade violence. If France citizens decide to abide by this virtue, they will never experience attacks in future. The sociological theory is also vital in this case to reduce the threats and outrage. This implies that members of the community with authoritative roles such as politicians can easily access the media and reduce fears of the public on terrorism.

 

Works Cited

Becky, Lyn. Charlie Hebdo’s Shooting Protests. Chicago University Press, 2009, Print.

Burke, Don. Theoretical Perspective of Critical Constructionism. Greenhaven Press 2010. Print.

Zedd, Robert. Social Problem Construction.  Upper Saddle River, Nj: Pretence Hall 2010.