Sample Sociology Essay on Deviance

Deviance

Deviance refers to norms that guide human activities. A common example of deviance resulting from a norm is when people break the rules negatively. Even righteous people fall prey to being referred to as deviant. In sociology, different or unexpected are the two terms used to best describe deviant. Nonetheless, certain groups of people are defined as defiant irrespective of their choice or action. Deviance is categorized into informal social control and formal social control. Under informal social control, parents, teachers, and peers, guide the behavior of people whereas, under formal social control, law guides people’s behavior.

Deviance can best be explained in three main categories; biological context, personality factors, and recklessness and Dinitz. Biological context constitutes the environmental and genetic factors. In personality factors, deviance is perceived as unsuccessful socialization whereas reckless and Dinitz exploit containment theory. With respect to the social foundation, the manner in which people break rules involves power and applying norms is linked to social position. Durkheim’s basic insight affirms the cultural norms of deviance and stipulates that justice cannot prevail without crime and no good without evil. Durkheim’s response also depicts the moral boundaries, connecting people since people react to serious deviance with shared outrage.

In relation to deviance and crime, the federal government, state, or locality enacts criminal violation laws. A crime is considered done against a person when the direct violence is targeted at the person whereas a crime against property pertains to the theft of property. According to criminal statistics, the rate of crime is often higher than the actual report; with the U.S having the highest crime rate by the world’s standards. The rate of crime is high in the world’s largest cities and different countries have different strategies for tackling crime.

Anyone charged with a crime receives fair notice of the proceedings, the judge weighs a hearing with charges conducted by law and evidence impartially. Children and adolescents who are involved in crime should not be spared from the law either. This is so since the criminal justice system operates in accordance with the law and is the principal ground in the bill of rights. In addition, if they are not rehabilitated, the entire community risks their own safety since the high chance of increased crimes in their adult life will be advanced. They should however be handled with consideration and the form of punishment should be light and bearable in accordance with their age bracket.