Sample Sociology Essay on Exploring Race and Ethnicity

Exploring Race and Ethnicity

The article attached below (Racism against African Americans) addresses elements of slavery and racism in the US, especially the outset and the current standings. The article focuses on the disenfranchising of the black Americans who are the minority group. Plot developments within the article reveal as much with the traces of lynching of black people as well as race raids in paragraph two. The areas of target include Harlem as well as Boston areas, which had evidences of civil rights movements in 1964. Policies discussed in the article also include prohibition acts as well as illegal segregation indexes.

The article elaborates various instances of consequences of racial segregation within the American people. Some of the results discussed in the last paragraph are the social acceptance variances that have developed over time to define the correspondences of elementariness. The limited opportunities that are available to the black population also forms the last part of the discussion, including certain causes which include poverty among the African Americans as well as inequalities within the education systems after the post industrial era.

A discussion from a Tunisian commentary illustrates the racial inequality outside the United States and illuminates the major disgruntlement within the article. In many instances, most respondents to such articles include the minority groups or targeted antagonism who tries to trash the comments within the discussion. Sihem (Tunisian) reveals a stereotype against black people, such as the names that he avoids revealing in the article. He makes a protest demands for egalitarian conditions in areas, such as institutions and schools, legal and jobs. The minority, when sidelined often form avenues to seek redress, such as the Tunisian organizations and the Washington March of 1964, which the author notes in the article.


Racism against African Americans

Slavery in the United States began soon after English colonists first settled Virginia and lasted until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1865. The 19th century saw a hardening of institutionalized racism and legal discrimination against citizens of African descent in the United States. Although technically able to vote, poll taxes, acts of terror (often perpetuated by groups like the KKK) and discriminatory laws kept African Americans disenfranchised, particularly in the South.

During this time, segregation, racial discrimination and expressions of white supremacy all increased, as did anti-black violence such as lynching and race riots.

Racism, which had been viewed primarily as a problem in the Southern states, burst onto the national consciousness following the Great Migration, the relocation of millions of African Americans from their roots in the Southern states to the industrial centers of the North after World War I. This took place particularly in cities such as Boston, Chicago and New York (Harlem). In northern cities, racial tensions exploded most violently in Chicago.

The 1950s and 1960s saw the peaking of the American Civil Rights Movement with the desegregation of schools in 1954 and the organizing of widespread protests across the nation under a younger generation of leaders. Martin Luther King was a catalyst for many nonviolent protests in the 1960s, which led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

The act prohibited discrimination in public facilities, in government and in employment and invalidating the Jim Crow laws (which mandated segregation in all public facilities, with a “separate but equal” status for black Americans and other non-white racial groups) in the southern United States. It became illegal to force segregation of the races in schools, housing or hiring.

This signified a change in the social acceptance of racism that had been written into American law and an increase in the number of opportunities available for people of color in the United States. However, African American poverty and education inequalities continue and have deepened in the post-industrial era.