Sample Technology Paper on The Implication of Robotics

Introduction

In the present world, robotics are being used everywhere, they come in numerous shapes and sizes, and are designed to carry out an extraordinary variety of tasks. Usually, when one thinks of robots, he/she pictures the huge humanoid robots on science films. The term robot implies “intelligent”, a human made device that move by itself, and whose movement can be modified, planned, sensed and controlled (Pruth, 2012). Robots are primarily machinery devices. They are programmable manipulators which are able to move parts through a predefined succession of motions. The robots actions can me customized by altering the control setups, with no need of having to change the hardware. They incorporate some attributes of conventional machine equipments together with the attributes of machine tool operators (Ayres & Miller, 1981). Practically, a robot is considered as an electro-mechanical formation which through its motions and form suggests that it has an intention of its own.

Studies have been conducted looking into the probable future impact of robots on the society. The field of robotics is currently considered as one of the most captivating areas of research globally. Presently numerous educational institutions, firms and governments are spending a lot of money on research and development of intelligent robotic systems for use in automation, military sector, field of medicine, in electronics, in food and beverage industries among several other industries (Pruth, 2012). The numerous research conducted shows that the enormous automation capability of robotics to interact with people is likely to result in technological imbalance over the next 10 years between the individuals who have it and the ones who do not. Thus robotic systems will contribute greatly in defining the future of world and as study and industry merge, growth in the technology of robotics will improve severally beyond the present level. This growth will be initiated by the need to make life easier for consumers and for the purpose of improving the society. With the technological progressions, the employment of robotics is likely to be integrated either directly or indirectly in almost all sectors. Robotics have a long and recorded account set in the minds of individuals for many years (Kanda & Ishiguro, 2013)

Presently, commercial as well as the industrial robots are used extensively, carrying out tasks more cheaply and more accurately and reliably than human beings. They are also utilized in carrying out tasks that very dangerous or too boring to be suitable for people. Robots are broadly utilized in production, assemblage, mars exploration, surgical procedures, and laboratory examination work as well as in production of large quantity consumer together with industrialized products. As the robotics technology progresses and becomes cheaper, the domestic robots are being introduced for carrying out domestic tasks as well as robotic toys for kids of all ages. When talking about robot, what is really being implied is machines that are able to carry out the tasks that human beings are expected to do. The machinery imitates the functionality of people. This article therefore talks about the implications and prospect of robots.

Benefits and limitations of robotics for individuals

Current developments in the field of robotics have made robots more user friendly, very intelligent and very reasonably priced. With these benefits of robotics it is the reason why they are very helpful to individuals. The advantages of robotics have advanced their flexibility with being capable of carrying out numerous tasks and applications. Robotics systems are more accurate and reliable as compared to people. They allow for an increase in production as well as profit margin because they have the capability of completing tasks faster. They have the capability of working around the clock since they do not need vacations, sick days or even breaks while in operation. They are also less prone to making errors as compared to human beings.  Robotics has been developed by extended modern studies and is being utilized by individuals for attaining advantages that is not possible with human beings. Robots can function well in any sort of environment. There are various tasks where the environments are unsafe for the utilization of human labor. Robots can be utilized effectively in these kinds of environments where direct exposure to individuals can be dangerous for their health (Rajput, 2008).

Robots are beneficial for individuals since they carry out operations with superior accuracy; they guarantee uniformity of production and thus reduction in loses. Measurements and motions of equipments being used are normally more accurate. Thus, the end product is normally an improved manifold as compared to the performance by individuals. Robots are very useful when it comes to increase in production. They have the capability of working constantly without stopping, unlike individuals who require vacations and breaks. These machines also have the capability of executing the most boring and repetitive tasks. In numerous production establishments, the tasks to be executed may be terribly boring, and repetitive, and thus it difficult for human operators to remain fully dedicated to their duties and generates interest in their duties (Rajput, 2008). When duties are repetitive, human employees tend to be very slapdash, and as a result increase the possibility of catastrophes. The use of robots has decreased the problems that are associated with boredom. A number of the production units are normally required to be operational for twenty four hours with no breaks for the purpose of increasing production. It is usually not possible for people to work continuously without breaks, thus robots can be beneficially used whenever it is necessary. Robots are normally utilized to ensure the wellbeing of individuals. Since these machines are capable of operating in hazardous environments, the more dangerous tasks are normally being handled by them. This therefore ensures the safety of individuals, thereby minimizing expenditures on health and medicines. Robots are normally engaged in hoisting and the movement of heavy objects as well as carrying out other unsafe tasks. Generally, robots make individuals lives simple. Individuals utilize robots to save money and time to make more advancement in future development (Kanda & Ishiguro, 2013)

Robots are significant for individual’s future advancements, however robots also disadvantageous to individuals in a number of ways. The discovery of robots may have a number of unconstructive influences on the society. Robots are created of easily broken, small pieces that can be easily damaged. When comparing the benefits and disadvantages of robots one will identify that every part of the robots is established so precisely that it is very difficult to replace of fix the problem which constitutes one major disadvantage. Thus, maintenance of robotics can be very pricey. In the present world, most individuals depend on robots, since they can do all the tasks that human can do. Robots are manipulating the human minds such that individuals tend to trust these machines than they trust their own talents and skills. Robots may offer protection to human from some hazards; however, their very presence may cause other safety issues. Robots do not have the ability of detecting emergencies as their memory chips are artificial. They can not respond to emergencies, unless the situation at hand is predicted and the response included in the system. Safety measures are necessary to make certain that they so not cause injuries to the machinists. Robots are very useful at carrying out perfectly defined tasks; however they are not capable of handling the unexpected tasks as human do. Because robots are not sentient, they do not have the capability of improving the results of their tasks outside their predefined programming; robots do not have the capability of thinking. Another limitation of robots for individuals is that robots lack emotions and conscience, thus they lack empathy which limits how they can assist and interact with people (Kanda & Ishiguro, 2013)

Benefits and limitations of robotics for organizations

Robots are becoming progressively more incorporated into the work environments impacting organizational structures and procedures, and having an effect on the products and services that these organizations deal with. Robots are very gainful for organizations. Similar to an operator, robots are sufficiently flexible to be trained to carry out novel tasks and accomplice can be utilized to broaden its variety of physical abilities. Robots are appreciated in institutes for the well known qualities of machineries including Untiring availability, predictability, steadiness, accuracy as well as imperviousness to harsh environments. As a result of the existing limitations, the present day robots are usefully utilized in highly structured industrial settings where virtually all of the variability as well as decision making can be engineered out of the work environment. There are times that robot automation gets very trendy for some of the manufacturers that work with a particular application or material. For instance the plastic industry is currently very eager to employ robots. Looking at the client driven needs, the key requirements are mainly to minimize the cost of production and maximize the quality of the end product s and novel automation concepts are put into test from time to time to achieve a significant increase in production (Brogårdh, 2007).

The use of robotics in organization is mainly attributed to increased productivity and increased rate of production, more proficient utilization of materials, improved quality of products, improved safety, reduced workweeks for labor and minimized factory lead times. Improved output as well as advancements in productivity is two of the greatest reasons that justify the utilization of robots in organizations (Bajcsy, 2014). Despite the arguments concerning high quality from high-quality workmanship by people, robotics typically carries out the manufacturing tasks with ease as compared to human beings, leading to greater control and consistency of the output quality. Also improved process control makes more efficient utilization of materials, which minimizes wastage of resources. Human worker safety is a significant reason for using robotics in industrial operations. Robots normally replace workers in the workplace, thus protecting them against the dangers of the factory setting. Robots can be devised and employed for almost any reason ranging from domestic to military. They are typically very scalable. This kind of unheard of adaptability gives room for the development of the commercial market (Pruthi, 2012). Robotics applications provide not only profits but also solutions to some of the common problems in various industries. In the military and combat organizations, the idea of significantly minimizing the number of human casualties on the battlefield is as good grounds as any to carry out research into the wireless robots. The probability of having the whole defense force as robots could get rid of the need for people giving their lives for the purpose of defending their nation. The technology of robots is essential for the safety of civilians during the times of war (Purdy, 2008).

When evaluating the social advantages, robots have been a necessity for the health as well as the medicine industries. The industry of medicine has numerous needs that the common techniques cannot solve. Robots have been implemented in assisting in surgical practices. This supports the saying that robots are intended to imitate people and carry out tasks more competently. Robots in the field of medicine have a general advantage of being cheaper as compared to the human counterparts and thus can be set up in areas of poverty. Robots also have a great benefit in the business world. They improve the expediency and effectiveness of the business world exponentially establishing a market for corporations (Pruthi, 2012).

Applications such as robotics that are intended to benefit an organization might not provide the same advantages to all the members of an organization. Although the application offers a collective advantage to an organization, there are members of the organization that usually have to adjust their workflow to the implemented applications more than the others do and it might be necessary that they do extra work. The greatest limitation of robots to organizations is that they replace workers in the workplace. It is significant to note that, while robots have improved organizational operations, it has brought about a number of problems. The use of robots has not been outlined to be a problem free solution for organizational operations. One of the major limitations that have been discovered is that many manufacturers have reported that the qualities of products that are produced by robots are not always as high as the ones produced by people. These lower qualities of robotically made products are normally harder to sell. Additionally, there has been a reasonable backlash by organizational employees who see that they may end up loosing their jobs, or have their working hours cut back from the use of robots. A number of the organizational employees also dislike having their job minimized to overseeing the machines (Ayres & Miller, 1981).

Another limitation of robotics for organizations is that they are not yet gainful in several of the custom appliances for the reason that in such situations a great portion of the labor time is utilized setting up the machineries. This still necessitates the vigorous participation of a skillful machinist. In addition, programming time would naturally surpass operation time. Robots are normally not lucrative in a number of large quantity production appliances. This is for the reason that specialized large quantity production machinery can usually carry out the functions more efficiently. The cycle times for the present day robots are can be compared to the cycle times of human beings, making it hard for them to be utilized in high speed tasks. Mass production machines or the hard automation is extremely dedicated to replicate a fixed succession of functions at elevated velocity for very long epoches of time (Ayres & Miller, 1981). In general, the initial costs of robots are normally high and this appears to be an issue that some organizations complain about. Furthermore, lacking the knowledge of how these robots operate can make it hard to achieve the expected goals.

Benefits and limitation of robotics for governments

Strategic subsidy in robotics systems is a significant issue, as governments globally clamour to invest through programs to simplicity the major problems in the areas of development. Currently robotics is among the most enabling technologies known to man, and governmental wish to embrace it can only be good news for developers. The government passion for the development of robotic systems seems poised to transform how the society operates and lives. Some of the remarkable progresses for the past few years include the development of a two legged humanoid robotic systems for disaster evacuation operations as well as the competitions for engineers to come up with humanoid robotic systems to carry out disaster management operations. Such news shows that governmental agencies have targeted objectives in mind. For instance, the Navy departments are employing robots that are able to climb stairs and open hatches for the purpose of rescuing victims in fire incidents as well as other hazardous scenarios that are too dangerous for human responders (Lin, Abney & Bekey, 2011). Robotics presents a new occasion governments to get information concerning the inner part of a living space. Robotics systems in the market presently interact uncertainly with the governmental electronic privacy laws and based on the recent studies, numerous popular robotic products are very useful in various governmental activities. The utilization of robotic surveillance is not constrained to the military only. For instance, the governmental law enforcement agencies in numerous parts globally are deploying robotic systems to perform several tasks which include surveillance (Lin, Abney & Bekey, 2011)

Robotics of all forms and dimensions outfitted with an array of sophisticated sensors as well as processors, immensely magnify the individuals capacity of observing. The military together with the governmental law enforcement agencies are greatly relying on robotic technology to better observe the foreign as well as the domestic populations. The governments are also employing robots to monitor the personal spaces for the purpose of deterring unwanted behaviors. The implication of robotic systems for confidentiality is not completely negative as the susceptible individuals; including casualties of domestic hostility can utilize robotics for the purpose of preventing access to their private properties and police against mistreatment (Lin, Abney & Bekey, 2011). The governments benefit indirectly from the use of robotics through the development of sufficient policy reactions. The governmental policy responses concerns, redistributive policy to target equity concerns including rising wages as well as income inequality changes as a result of technological advancements and education policy for the purpose of delivering worker skills needed by changing the job structure as well as work organization. There is also the policy of increasing the efficiency of market outcomes through the stimulation of high tech innovation, as well as informing consumers or the regulation of the market for domestic robotic systems. The direct impacts of robotic systems on governments includes the potential for governments to utilize technological developments for instance the big data policies to assist students in choosing a suitable field of study, better matching the jobseekers to employment opportunities, and informing consumers about their options and rights.

Over the coming years, humanoids robotics is anticipated to be in charge of the conventional responsibilities in governmental positions. One of the limitations of robots to the government is that they are replacing human workers leaving a bigger percentage of the population jobless. Presently, human beings are used by large governmental agencies as devices to run the economy in ways that robots can’t. For instance, government workers are used to work at some cost, whereas, the humanoid robots are used to carry out more sophisticated duties at no cost. If the robotic systems are capable of carrying out more human tasks, most probably a bigger segment of the human population will be replaced in the workplace. Mass joblessness as well as monetary desperation might result to large scale social problems such as hostility, criminality, drug use as well as increased poverty rate. Accounted examples of economic fall down such as great depression justifies that mass joblessness; the fall down of state social initiatives and impoverishment have a devastating impact on individuals’ lives and the society at large (Pierce, 2014).

What Robotics may mean for future

Numerous researches have been conducted looking into the probable future impacts of robotic systems on the society. The conclusion made is that the continuous automation capacity of robotics and their capability of interacting with people are likely to cause a technological imbalance over the coming years between the individuals who own them and those who don’t. Just as the present society depends much on mobile handsets, the next 20 years will see great hybridization among people and the robotic systems. Presently, mechanization exists in sectors that include water administration and unmanned airplane that are able to fly and fire guns. However, the whole new areas of the use of robotics are expected to open up in future. An example of such use includes in the field of medicine, as exoskeletons to assist individuals with disabilities move about, assisting to make them less dependent on other people. Prosthetics together with exoskeletons provides great improvements in the life of individuals with disabilities (Arumugam et al, 2013). Numerous contemporary prosthetics currently contain microprocessors, sensors as well as actuators to enhance how they function. Even more essential will be the placing of robotics into our bodies, like intelligent implants in the human brain, which will help in improving individuals’ rational thought and the nanorobotics to be introduced into the blood system to help in cleaning the arteries. The future of robots will be an immense ubiquity. Efficiency and novel sensing abilities will imply that robots are utilized in a greater number of industries which also includes the small and varying lot sizes, materials as well as product geometries. Robots will make immense inroads in the service industries, particularly in the field of medicine where the aging population will need support services, for which the number of human care givers will be too minimal to give sufficient service. Robots will also play a significant responsibility in transportation and in offering domestic services. These machines will also assist in protecting homes and offices, securing borders and monitoring the environment in both custom and emergency operations (Moradi et al, 2013).

In future, there will be an immense economic escalation that will be because of advancements in robotics. There are numerous sectors in robotics that will have a constructive effect on the society, economically as well as functionality. Robotics is at a turning position, a change in the arc where numerous technologies that were only in science fictions are getting to be a reality. Technologies such as the 3 dimensional printers will start unleashing advances in production, allowing minor sets of highly modified goods at decreasing charge points. 3 dimensional printing does not match the mould of pure robots, however they complement each other. The unmanned airplane are presently mainly used by the military, however there is an increasing demand for them to also be used for non-military functions such as in the civil environments for numerous of the governmental operations including policing, border control, search and rescue missions, fire control, surveillance as well as pollution management (Arumugam et al, 2013). There is also an acknowledgment that the minimal weight low altitude unmanned airplanes can be a significant resolution in money-making undertakings like farming, logistics, inspection and security monitoring among others.   Autonomous automobiles, such as the iconic Google self-operated automobiles, will be on the road in the coming years. The long-standing effect on the public of self-operational trucks as well as other self-directed vehicles will be a radical transformation in how individuals travel. This will help in reducing traffic accidents, the majority of which are normally as a result of human error. The technology of driverless vehicle will bring about resolutions to several of the most inflexible social crisis. For instance reduction of the great cost of traffic break down and transportation infrastructure, the longer time wasted in traffic jams as well as the wasted municipal space preserved for parking lots. Currently there are still numerous obstructions before the invention of driverless vehicles, however advancements are being created and they will be invented soon. It is a very thrilling point in time in robotics, representing great opportunities which will have a very positive impact on the society at large. As the robotic technology become integral, to individuals’ lives the benefits will even be more evident (Brogårdh, 2007).

Recommendations to Individuals, Organizations and Governments

In a society full of driverless vehicles, unmanned airplanes as well as other robotic devices, the day to day relations with artificial intelligence will have a great impact on individuals’ lives. Most of the respondent to the future of technology canvassing expect that robotics as well as artificial intelligence will pervade bigger segments of individuals’ daily life by the year 2025 with immense implication for a majority of the industries. In future, robotics will have exceptional capabilities in the digital as well the worlds. These machines will have better abilities of performing online tasks than humans. Individuals should therefore prepare to advance their skills to be able to operate the robotics systems and to maintain their positions at the work places. Robotics will be a mild disappointment because they will be performing tasks that individuals cannot do such as exploration of Mars and a host of things individuals avoid doing such as dealing with unexploded bombs or even vacuuming floors. And they are very helpful in bits of production. Even though currently some of the most reliable robotics systems that are required to carry out tasks further than the safety cages of an industry floor have proved difficult to make, that seems about to change. The extreme advancements in the influence of the silicon chips, digital sensors as well as the high-bandwidth communications will greatly improve future robotics systems just as it’s currently improving all kinds of products. This therefore implies that individuals should train for better jobs (Angelo, 2006).

Industrial robotics can be very beneficial to organizations. Organizations can utilize robotics in their businesses to save funds, time, resources and space while at the same time improving production and the quality of products. This is because, robotics carry out tasks with consistency and precision, which leads to higher products quality. They offer performance consistency that is worth the investment. Robots can be very useful in organizational businesses because they provide quick return on investments. Robotics pay for themselves with steady efficiency. Businesses normally recover very quickly from the initial cost and furthermore, robots are very dedicated employees (Castro-Lacouture et al, n.d). They are able to save a company’s funds since they do not need breaks, vacations or even sick leave. Robots helps in avoiding wastage, they have the capability of handling applications with precision and accuracy, saving valuable resources. When organizations utilize manufacturing robots, they can anticipate minimal faults and a much safer working environment. The employment of robots saves space. This is for the reason that they have compacted bases created to fit in limited spaces. They can be fixed on shelves, stands, walls, ceilings or even rails saving much of the floor space. Robots are very useful in increasing profits through minimizing production time (Needham, 2000, p. 127).

The main purpose of robotics systems was to ease the needless and tedious tasks on human through automation. But, current innovations in robots have concentrated on various other purposes; how humans and robots can work collaboratively. The government policy structures that impact the robotic technology division directly and indirectly needs to acknowledge the comprehensive nature of value making as well as the novel ways that it is being introduced. Policy has an effect on what to let and not to let robotics do. It guides the kind of roles to allot to robots. When coming up with policies that concerns robots, the government should consider what humans perceive of the robotics systems. The government should consider pro-active policy making and well-versed principled robotics design. Individuals’ association with robotics systems is the most effective of both worlds. Good policy frameworks should value individuals’ capability while at the same time considering the societal goals as well as the positive human impact. Policymakers should make better choices to easy individuals’ anxiety and for the purpose of facilitating greater acceptance of robotics systems by the society (Knight, 2014).

Conclusion

Robotics has a great implication to human life. Currently, robotics are being utilized everywhere, and are applicable in various industries. Robots are programmable manipulators which are able to move parts via a predefined succession of movements. There actions can me customized by altering the control setups. The benefits of robotics have advanced their flexibility with being capable of carrying out numerous tasks and applications. They are more precise and consistent as compared to human beings. The benefits of robotics for individuals include carrying out tasks that are dangerous and tedious, though the robots themselves may endanger human lives. For organizations, robots are very useful in boosting productivity and minimizing wastage of time and resources; however they replace the human workers living individuals jobless. In governments, robots are applicable in various governmental agencies promoting efficiency in their various operations. Thus, generally, the key purpose of robotics systems is to ease the needless and tedious tasks on human through automation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

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