Sample Technology Research Paper on The World Wide Web

The World Wide Web

World Wide Web abbreviated “www” was invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 while working at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), and it led to the global sharing of information over the Internet. According to Berners-Lee, the idea of creating the Web resulted from his observation of the difficulties in sharing information through the Internet. Previously, in 1980 Berners-Lee had written a database program known as “enquire” that could stockpile information of colleagues at CERN but did not impress the users. In 1989, Berners-Lee proposed the idea of a global information management system that enabled the creation of the Web. The inventor developed the Hypertext Mark up Language (HTML) that was the first data format for sharing information. In addition, he created the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) that enabled retrieval of any unique information from the internet resources. It is from the above that the inventor created his first website, and since then the Internet has grown to be the popular and universal communication tool (Berners-Lee & Fischetti 2004).

The architectural design of the World Wide Web refers to how it operates in sharing the information from different web agents. How do users access the information shared on the Internet. To begin with, the user accesses resources by identifying the resource centre using URIs that is unique for each source. The information resources are accessed via browsers, servers, multimedia players, spiders, proxies or spiders. The communication is done using standardised protocols such as the HTTP, which enable interaction between web agents and user. The information in the resource centre is stored in a given data format, which the user must have interoperability between the web agent and user for common understanding. There are various data formats including XHTML, RDF/XML, SMIL, XLink, CSS, and PNG. The core parts of using the web include identification, interaction, and representation of information. They operate independently allowing change of one without interfering with the other, that is, they are orthogonal (Berners-Lee et al. 2004).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Berners-Lee, T., Bray, T., Walsh, N., Williams, S., Connolly, D., Cotton, P., et al. 2004. Architecture of the World Wide Web, Volume One. W3C Recommendation. Viewed 31 August, 2014,<http://www.w3.org/TR/webarch/>.

Berners-Lee, T., Fischetti, M., & Foreword By-Dertouzos, M. L. 2004. Weaving the Web: The original design and ultimate destiny of the World Wide Web by its inventor, 7th edition, Missouri: Turtleback Books Distributed by Demco Media.