Sample Technology Research Paper on Twitter revolution

Twitter revolution

Questions:

  1. Do the tweets influence the relationship between politicians and the voters?
  • When did Twitter revolution did began?
  • Is the Twitter revolution real or dead?
  • How does twitter revolution affect social media?
  • Have we had twitter revolution cases in the recent past?

Background

Twitter revolution can be described as the revolts and protests that have occurred successfully as a result of contents generated by users of social media sites like Twitter. As Clay explains, since early 90’s there has been an upsurge of internet usage and social media has become part and parcel of the modern society and hence governments should reconsider their policies on social media keenly(28). In the recent past, there have been cases of Twitter revolution in some parts of the world (Marc Lynch 301). Clay acknowledges that it would not be possible to talk about the revolution that occurred in Moldovan without mention of citizens using mobile phones together with other tools to organize huge protests (28). Twitter revolution has managed to succeed in these cases where the world had concluded that the authoritarian rule in the Arab world would not end any time in the near future.

As Madeline observes, social media plays a major role in mobilizing the mass towards a political issue. Twitter revolution enabled the citizens of these countries to end the authoritarian persistence because it provides a platform for the public to share their displeasures and hence organize for a solution to the cause of dissatisfaction. Twitter has also enabled the public to determine the level of success of their revolt by the number of participant. By submitting contents about their problems, they have succeeded in getting the attention of the global population. Modern innovations like the social media sites that do meet the users’ demand by providing more features that satisfy these demands never last for long (John and Shannon 164).

The uprisings in the Arab world have made people to look deeper into how  social movements, political responsibilities and the online mobilization of the mass relate to each other (Marc Lynch 301). Twitter has managed to play its part by enabling users to exchange information faster as they need it. It has also provided its users with both the one-way and two-way communication which has enabled them to communicate more effectively with their political leaders and fellow citizens. Research has also proved that the Twitter innovation is friendlier to use in discussing political issues than any other social networking site (John and Shannon 164).

Twitter has made politicians shape and change their opinions because of the tweets people post online. From the tweets, politicians are able to judge what the public think about them. Twitter revolution has had some negative effects on how humans have been using social media in the past. People used to build new relationships, find people online and improve their relationships with the close friends and family members who are far away from them. Twitter has also given any ordinary citizen a platform to share his views and to organize a movement with the people who share his views. As Marc Lynch observes, one incidence of ritual suicide of a young man in Tunisia able to cause a huge protest that went past the political parties to unite the whole nation has largely been attributed to the social media in mobilizing the mass to take action (301).

Trends in the global usage of technology have proven that areas that have experienced Twitter or Facebook revolutions have recorded an increase in the usage of social networking sites. The innovations that have been made in the way humans pass information has had major impacts on the Arab world as it has given the mass more options on how they can discuss their politics and in this way has minimized the government’s control on how information is passed among its citizens(Marc Lynch 302).

As stated by Lynch, recent studies also show that Facebook penetration in these countries has outrun the traditional leaders who were leading in these areas. This  faster penetration can be attributed faster growth of internet access to this regions and the high number of residents acquiring smart phones and can access internet anywhere and engage with other users online in discussing issues affecting them (Lynch 303).

Social networking sites like Twitter have in the recent past been used for other purposes other than their initial ones, which mainly included expanding the social cycles and also maintaining communication with close friends and family members. Twitter allow users to be up-to-date with most recent news and hence know exactly what is going on around them.

Lynch asserts that social media networking sites have played roles in all the mentioned revolutions but have done so following the printout made by the older media, he also echoes the statement that Twitter cannot cause any revolt by the tweets sent but its users can cause a revolution.

Political analysts have been forced to change their thinking about the impacts of internet in politics. They have to study internet under various perspective and should never consider internet as a single item (Farrell 2).mFarrell notes that social media made revolution in the Arab world possible because it enable citizens to communicate faster while the security agencies still concentrated in passing in information among them using other much slower technologies. Social media gave protesters upper hand in dissemination of important information (2).

The world has witnessed some revolutions that have been believed to be successful because of social media. The notable ones are the Iranian green movement revolution (2010), Tunisia revolution (2010-2011) and the Egyptian revolution (2011).

Methods

Since this study involves happenings all around the world, the researcher would not be in a position to meet people for interviews, observations or questioning. The study would involve the use of research done on archives, journal articles with related information, and recent articles from distinguished organizations.

The study will also apply Google trends to search online on information related to twitter and twitter revolution. The study would also use some information from the researcher’s social media accounts to establish the authenticity of the information found within the sources.

The choice of the research method was arrived at because they enable one to collect information on a global issue faster. They also enable a researcher to find information about places he has never been. Lastly, they give updated information on various issues and saves time

Hypotheses

This would be guided by the research questions and the methods used in collecting data. Twitter revolution must have started not long ago since the history of social media has not lasted for long as compared to other aspects of communication technology. However it has grown faster due to the already established frameworks of technology and also because it has proven its worth to the modern man.

From the recent unrests that have been recorded in the recent past that are believed to be majorly due to the interaction of users within the social networking sites, the researcher has been made to believe that whether the answer to the question, “Is twitter revolution real or dead?” is YES or NO, social media sites played some role during these revolutions. The researcher believes that the ability of Twitter to let its users pass information among them faster help citizens of the affected nations in accomplishing their objectives.

The researcher believes that the twitter revolution has affected social media in the way that new policies on social media will be formulated from now onwards. Some scholars have argued that revolutions have given social media a new direction whereby people will not only use social media sites to bond but will also be using the same sites to separate the mass and even to minimize the efforts that have ensured social cohesiveness in the modern societies.

The background texts have provided some examples of revolutions that have been attributed so much to the effect of Twitter and Facebook revolts. Although there are debates on whether these revolts were successful mainly due to social networking sites, the researcher is of the opinion that the world has had some cases of Twitter revolution in the recent days and that Twitter, as a social networking site has taken advantage of the laid down frames by older media to help citizens organize some of the biggest protests in the world. The researcher would also love to prove if the successful revolutions and protests observed in the recent times are as a result of twitter revolution or not, but this would be proven after the study.

Annotated bibliography

Lynch, Marc. “After Egypt: The limits and promise of online challenges to the authoritarian Arab state”. Perspectives on Politics 9.02 (2011): 301-310. http://www.marclynch.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/download-Lynch-article.pdf

The article talks about the revolts that were witnessed mostly in the Arab regions that made political analysts to focus their thinking on how long the authoritarian rule common in Arab states in the middles east would last. The article explores some of the effects of social networking sites on political issues. It also looks at the changes in the speed of communication and how it has empowered individual citizens. The article however acknowledges the different views of the role played by social media during such movements.

Shirky, Clay. “Political Power of Social Media-Technology, the Public Sphere, and Political Change, the.” Foreign Aff. 90 (2011): 28.

http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/67038/clay-shirky/the-political-power-of-social-media

The article looks at the political that social media networking sites have and how this can be used to either strengthen governments or overthrow it. It explains that the ability that the sites have given to the public to organize huge responses within a very short time and just by the use of text is something that should not be over looked by any government. The first case of social media revolution where text messages had played the major part in helping to overthrow Estrada administration has been recorded in this article. The public had been organized through a short message, which was sent nearly to everyone. The text message read “Go to Edsa, wear blk”. Within a short time, people had collected together and for the next days the country witnessed a huge protest that made the seat too hot for President Joseph Estrada.

Storck, Madeline. “The role of social media in political mobilization: a case study of the January 2011 Egyptian uprising.” University of St Andrews, Scotland (2011). http://culturaldiplomacy.org/academy/content/pdf/participant-papers/2012-02-bifef/The_Role_of_Social_Media_in_Political_Mobilisation_-_Madeline_Storck.pdf

The research paper looks at some of the ways that social media sites like Twitter contributed to mobilizing of Egyptian people by organizing  and making them aware of the eminent revolt that the country was facing. The article has looked at the era before social media sites and the features of these sites that may have made the Egyptians use them as the best option for this course. The author has concentrated his study to the Egyptian uprising and acknowledges that social media is like a double-edged sword, as it can liberate or oppress.

 

Farrell, Henry. “The consequences of the internet for politics.” Annual Review of Political Science 15 (2012): 35-52.

http://crookedtimber.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/ARPS.pdf

The article presents the emerging trends in the relationship between the internet and politics. It looks at how the political analysts have been forced to factor this issue in their list of issues in the modern politics. It offers some of the ways to study roles played by social media in influencing today’s politics. It offers new insights of looking at social media roles in the uprising in the Arab world and whether it has worsened propagation in the United States of America.

Parmelee, John H., and Shannon L. Bichard. Politics and the Twitter revolution: How tweets influence the relationship between political leaders and the public. Lexington Books, 2011.

The book expounds on some of the importance of using Twitter in the political arena. It also explores some of the reasons why people use Twitter in politics and the effects of tweets on politicians. The author has also analyzed some of the models used in tweets during political campaigns and ends with the author presenting how tweets influence the politician-voter relationship.

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Farrell, Henry. “The consequences of the internet for politics.” Annual Review of Political Science 15 (2012): 1-28.

Lynch, Marc. “After Egypt: The limits and promise of online challenges to the authoritarian Arab state.” Perspectives on Politics 9.02 (2011): 301-310

Parmelee, John H., and Shannon L. Bichard. Politics and the Twitter revolution: How tweets influence the relationship between political leaders and the public. Lexington Books, 2011

Shirky, Clay. “Political Power of Social Media-Technology, the Public Sphere, and Political Change, the.” Foreign Aff. 90 (2011): 28

Storck, Madeline. “The role of social media in political mobilization: a case study of the January 2011 Egyptian uprising.” University of St Andrews, Scotland (2011). http://culturaldiplomacy.org/academy/content/pdf/participant-papers/2012-02-bifef/The_Role_of_Social_Media_in_Political_Mobilisation_-_Madeline_Storck.pdf