Sample Term Paper on Globalization and Nationalism

Globalization and Nationalism

Globalization in the United African Emirates has taken over and outdone the previous cultures and traditions of the Arab locals in these states. Discovery of oil in this region marked a major turn of events and ways of life of the people in the major seven countries which geographically border the Persian Gulf including Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates. The previous nationalism ways of life where related people that shared similar cultural beliefs and traditions lived and worked together, with exceptions of non residents and foreigners in the land who had to be slowly incorporated into the systems and abide by the established cultural lives. This was the basic ways of life in Arab world, which was basically social community. This however changed later in the 1960’s and 1970’s with the development of urban centers and other advanced economic activities away from the sub standard ways before. All these pointed to the discovery of oil among other aspects of development at that time. This paper seeks to describe the effects of globalization on nationalism in these Arab states, the changes that occurred in the previous traditional ways of life and thereafter establish a relationship between the two aspects.

Globalization and nationalism are two aspects in the current developing and developed economies globally. The relationship between the two is vast as they are both important in the growth and modernization of the different societies in the world (Hobsbwam, 2013). While nationalism concentrates on culture, attachments and relation of individuals of a country have to one another that make them bond together as a community, globalization on the other hand is mainly on technological advancements including improved communications channels. Globalization helps to break the barriers that exist in different culture, communication because of different languages that affect trade. Breaking its barriers enhance trade and hence open up the economic world and market globally and thus having major transformations in the world societies and economy.

According to Neil 2009 these two terms in the modernized world are fundamentally related on contradictory terms and frequent confrontations; these two aspects arise whenever attempts to make comparisons between them are made. There are a number of approaches in which this relationship is viewed. For instance, nationalism can be viewed as a backward, losing in the history of all the administrative systems. Therefore, time has come for it to give way to a new system of global networks, where communities do not have to work locally in their regions but due to advancements in the communication and use of current technologies to reach out to other business partners across the world. However, this same view of nationalism points out the fact that this nationalism system is far from being outdone as with increasing changes and challenges by globalization, the nationalism gain strength by improving their previous activities and advance them to match the modern world that has a high influence from globalization (Hobsbwam, 2013).

Discovery of oil led to major transformations in the societies existing in Arab gulf. Oil is a precious commodity worldwide and therefore a major source of wealth for a producing party, in this case the Arab gulf constituting of major seven states. Generating of new economic activities means doing away with the previously existing economic activities, which at the time are referred to as substandard ways. Although these advancements because of a discovery in this precious commodity is beneficial to the society, its’ rapid takeover of events strains the existing activities in society by forcing them to adjust to the rapid changes. In the United Arab Emirates for instance the previous economic activities including fishing, pastoralist, agriculture and the old industries had place in the economic arena, the global business. While appreciating and celebrating the new opportunities in the economic world, there was a hard side for these locals, being done away with in business.

The wealthy community for instance marginalized and forgot about the Camel, the popular means of transport. This was rapidly overtaken when the automobiles were introduced in to the system. Camel was now a rare species to be seen moving around unlike before when it was all one could have in the Arab region. It was an all purpose animal and a master of the desert. This was one of the major effects of globalization in this region mainly comprising of the Arab community. The Arab community is popularly renowned for business and having set their positions in the economic world. The oil revolution hence was a major start for these business minded people that exploited the discovery to extremes.

The neglect of these previously precious asset of the community became embarrassing, death and significant drop in the number of these animals in the community. The rapid changes of the oil revolution had adverse effect particularly on the pastoralist economy that time forcing the leaders at that time of the seven Arab states and more especially the United Arab Emirates had to respond to the situation. A combined decision among the leaders was made to preserve the traditional culture and several other elements to be preserved for the sake of the future community, its continuity. An annual event was formed in the gulf, the Camel racing where a large number of the preserved species were transported to one particular location on a specific season of the month, which was from October every year. Other than social and cultural identification, this event helped a great deal in developing the relationships among members of the community as they used to meet at these times and engage in joint activities, community by community competing on races (Khalaf, 2011).

Material gains and individual advancements including employment for locals, mostly like herders and trainers for the now popular cultural event and therefore improving the country’s economy. To encourage this activities and active participation of members of the whole Arab community, awesome prizes were given to the racers and trainers including cash. The prizes were worth, being a wealthy state at the time because of oil. Luxury cars ranging from Mercedes Benz, to Lexus and the BMW manufactured in Germany were issued as part of the prizes. One walking back home in a surprised kind of present such as a four wheel automobile, would leave them and the rest longing for scheduling. It will force the grown people of the next event and await their full and active participation in the same.

The other reason behind embracing and pushing this camel race tradition was for the sake of the future generation. The young ones at the time the event was being formed may not know why and how such an event occurred, they will need the real activity to grow into it and take it as a culture and norm and participation of their parents in the community. Involvement of all these individuals in the initial plans of this activity would be easier to pass on the values and for the upcoming generation (Neil, 2009). Camel racing is currently an important aspect that cannot go unmentioned when mentioning the history of any of the Arab states. It marks the popular traditional features that this community is identified with up to date. It is important to highlight the cultural life that this Arab people dwelt in before globalization and several other advancements in social and economic life.

The Badu community for instance had their whole life and cultural references revolve around the camel. They even went ahead to predict the weather and storms, and general year seasons were able to be predicted by looking at the camel’s eye. The Badu people are believed to have based their whole universe and any occurrences in it with facts from the historical happenings over the year, information gathered from several subjects in study of human life in the past including ecology. The camel racing started off in the 1990’s with an estimated number of four thousand camels to have participated in the subsequent races since that time. The race finals mostly occur in the major cities in the Arab gulf, with the last season finals that were held in Nidd-al-Shiba. It is a popular city in Dubai. A select of a number of best of the racing camels are transported on the desert powerful trucks to participate and compete in other races away from the city. Camel racing started moving out to the larger Arab community in the Gulf from the Badu community. Gradually, the activity was advancing from the initial heritage preservation to wider view now that the oil discovery was rapidly influencing every aspect of the Arab economy.

The inter-cultural relationships established through such games and social activities would in the end help to bond the citizens together from different communities in the seven states of African gulf. Although the society pushed for this traditional and cultural identity like in this case camel racing, it was driving itself towards the oil development trends. At this time all, the seven states identified with a culture of their own but still heavily influenced by the economic developments out of wealth that was rapidly accumulating in the region. Education and administrative systems now had to change their policies and strategies. The infrastructure, housing and general individual lives of the Arab people improved hence the government had no option but to improve the systems to cope up with the changed citizens of the west.

However, globalization is generally viewed negatively based on the way that it affected nationalism by undermining it to the extent of loss of cultural values and undermining the precious rich heritage of the Arab community. Globalization is a barrier breaker of most aspects of life. In the modern world, communication and technology field is a fast growing area with innovations and sophisticated ways being developed day by day. In the field of communication and technology, the most common and basic innovations currently being used worldwide as normal appliances, include the television and cameras. The innovation of television decades ago that reached the Arab countries helped a great deal in publicizing and improving the camel racing activity that was now a seasonal culture for the residents of the Arab gulf.

The television technology significantly changed the way camel racing was viewed as one of the many social activities in the gulf. In addition to televisions, eye capturing images of various scenes and video clips of each moment were now easily captured and broad casted for anyone that was able to connect to the airwaves of the television worldwide could now have a view of the activities, watching them as a way of entertainment. Through television, camel racing has become more attractive to the viewers. It now attracts new viewers who had no idea of the activity. More parties became interested in the activity after being captured through television shows.

This translated to new participants in the activity, more camels in the race competition, hence more fun and a higher and handsome reward for the winners in the activities. The actions that were ongoing as the television and other technologies advanced proved globalization to be an equally important factor in the worldwide economy. Communication and technology advancements are among the key factors that enhance trade among nations. Efficiency in trade relies on effective and reliable means of communication. The camel racing became a popular sport thus attracting many sponsors on the same who would come with globalization ideas of modernizing each aspect of the activity aiming at economical gains and general economic improvements in the whole world.

A specialized path was constructed on the side way of the racetrack where the cameras would move freely and capture every corner of the field. Each moment of the sport including fascinating pictures that would later be edited carefully by professionals in the field were captured (Khalaf, 2011). This made the show much more attractive to the television viewers. These shows were mainly set while targeting other viewers out of the Arabic gulf, the middle east and the world in general, to sell out their idea of camel racing while at the same time establishing a cultural identity with these activity, hence heritage preservation. Based on this argument, globalization has more positive effects on the nationalism as compared to the many effects it is often attached to.

In the short run, oil discovery in the Middle West and the wider Arab gulf as part of globalization seemed to be an enemy and a counter of nationalism. The shift, transformations and changes in economic activities from the previous existing ones, for instance the camels as economic aspects in the community seemed like a counter of nationalism. This is because the citizens could no longer afford to transport goods. Their camels, which were a major source of income at the time, became obsolete because of the new ways including the four-wheel automobiles that were clearly more efficient, faster and required less use of human effort. (Erica, 2007).

Oil discovery therefore in the end supported and improved the cultural activity of the Arabs; camel racing. The shift from economic asset marked by oil discovery which was an important aspect of globalization that transformed the economic value of camels to a cultural aspect where the rapid changes occurring because of the oil discovery. The social class changes led to the need to preserve the unique national identity of these countries in the Arab gulf, and more especially the United Arab Emirates.

Invention of the camel racing activities which occur seasonally as organized by the officials of each country; it occurs mostly in the city of Abu Dhabi and in Dubai among other major cities in the wealthy Middle East. These activities were actually triggered by oil discovery in the Arab gulf. The comfort zone of the cultural economic activities that the citizens of these seven states were engaging in that involved this one popular animal to them loosed its’ importance and therefore they had to come up with a way of reviving this important aspect of their culture that bears historical record for the heritage of this wide Arab community.

Nationalism in the Arab Gulf has significant and major differences from the other countries in the Middle East. The leaders at that time before the discovery of oil who forced nationalism culture in to the ways of life of the people, within their geographical territory used the harsh methods of discriminating on basis of religion and tribal grounds where they could enact their own regulations and terms of living. In as much as this system brought together people of the same kind to work together, of which had positive outcomes with the fact that people from same cultures, social class and speaking same language are more likely to bring out good performances other than vice versa. However, religious and tribal identities have their own major adverse effects on a community, rivalry among the divided groups is inevitable.

Globalization has comparisons and relations with nationalism. Most of the aspects that globalization pushes to be enacted in a government as much as they are aimed at economic growth, in the long run they fulfill the goals of nationalism system of living in a community. The social life is generally improved, breaking the communication barriers and enhancing the same including technology advancements open up opportunities for trade. Trade involves business activities, buying and selling, exchange of currencies, and especially where a number of countries are involved and particularly from different regions, language is an important factor for effective trading activities and exchange of the different currencies. All this activities that are outcomes of trade in the end help to build relationships, while the aim is to establish business relationships and partners in business, it ends up establishing relationships between individuals and understanding among different people from different communities hence national unity and cohesion. Globalization in the long run fulfills the goal of nationalism, people of same cultural values coming to work together, while at the same time welcoming foreigners as long as they are willing to abide by the culture of the new place and work all together for a common good, a better society.

 

References

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International Relations Students 987: 67-98

Erica, B. (2007). “Is There a Core National Doctrine?” Nations and Nationalism 7:2, p. 157.

Hobsbwam, E. (2013) Nations and Nationalism since 1780, Cambridge: Cambridge University

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Khalaf, S (2011) Poetics and Policies of Newly Invented Traditions in the Gulf published by the

University of Pittsburgh pp 6-13

Neil, P. (2009) Nationalism in the Gulf States journal of American University of Sharjah pp 90-

143