The Socio-Historic Issues of America in the 20th and 21st Century

The Socio-Historic Issues of America in the 20th and 21st Century

America witnessed major transformation in various aspects of governance in the 20th century and 21st century. These various aspects can be attributed to different policies in governance that were assumed by the regimes in power. Central in these various aspects of change was the Bush regime. A number of key aspects in the American history have been attributed to the Bush regime. Among the key aspects are the foreign policies, income generations in the country, citizens’ rights, and more importantly the relationship of the government and the public. This paper will therefore attempt to articulate how these aspects have contributed in shaping the history and the progress of the country. In addition, these aspects will be elucidated with respect to their contributions in the development of a number of films that explain the American history (Waxman 99).

First, one of the pivotal issues in the Bush regime was the state of violence that was manifested in the country. September 11 2001 marks a central day for Americans. Homicide bombers initiated war by demolishing the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center and destroying part of the Pentagon. This fix devastated the confident misapprehension that was pronounced during the 1990s concerning the foreign policies of Americans articulating that they had reached certain favorable levels. This event contributed to a number of subsequent happenings central in the history of the country. The Bush administration‘s bold and ambitious conviction for waging the war on terror is famously known as the Bush doctrine. This policy resulted in a lot of discussions about the power of America in most parts of the world. This event inspired the regime towards the fight against terrorism that greatly affected the country’s relation with the Middle East. The fights against terrorism in the country were characterized by deployment of armed forces in various parts of the Middle East more specifically in Iran and Iraq. The war on terrorism by the Bush regime has been criticized as a major violation of human rights as it was characterized by massive loss of lives. Such discord is the norm in times of peril (Abrams 209). The Bush principle is connected to the American foreign policy that is primary in the history of the country besides influencing the daily operations in the country. This policy emphasizes on the need to maintain the security and vitality of a free society that eliminates cases of threats in any part of the world. The fight against terrorism by the regime also contributed to adoption of various disarmament policies by the regime. This was in a bid to eliminate events that could contribute to security threats in the world. The disarmament policies also greatly affected America’s relationship with various countries among them Russia, South and North Korea, China among other countries. While embracing pressure to make North Korea abandon the nuclear arms policy, the Bush administration’s old policies objected to offering Pyongyang inducements in return for the nuclear disarmament steps. North Korea became central in the fight against nuclear weapons by the Bush administration hence resulting in a number of bilateral and multilateral agreements on various aspects of development and governance.

The adoption of war strategy towards the fight of terrorism was a major aspect that resulted in the public and various countries losing trust in the Bush regime. In various arguments, individuals opined that better measures could be adopted that would have curbed the massive destructions and loss of lives that were manifested in the periods of war. This was viewed as one of the measures through which the regime desired to achieve greatness. Besides, the target of the fight against terrorism was the Taliban group and Saddam that was seen to be a major threat to the security of the country. This was only accepted by a section of the public with other individuals seriously criticizing the notion. There was also mistrust developed by various nations towards Bush’s intentions in waging war in the Middle East. To a certain extent, this policy was in contradiction of the American policy that fostered a free society. It was generally viewed as an economic quest so as to ensure control of Iraq that was richly known for its oil deposits. More significantly was the decision reached by the Bush regime to consider reconstruction of Iraq owing to the effects of the war. American citizens questioned this, due to the more pertinent issues that the government could have considered that were directly affecting the American citizens. The government’s commitment towards improving the lives of its citizens was greatly questioned due to this decision. This notion was further proven with the successful capture and killing of Saddam, which was followed by increase in terrorism attacks in the country.

Another aspect of the Bush regime that has been greatly pronounced in the film striving to opine the American history is the income inequality. The regime was majorly characterized by the ever-widening gap between the two social classes, the rich and the poor. This was mainly due to the poor policies that were adopted by the regime that infringed upon individuals of the low social class. Among the policies adopted by the regime was the mass taxation that greatly contributed to the income disparity in the country. The policy involved tax requirements that were equally considered amongst individuals of various income levels. The periods of war were also followed by conditions of depression in the country that became very challenging to individuals of the low social class. A perfect example was witnessed in 2001 owing to the huge expenditures that the government incurred in financing the war activities. In response to this, the regime adopted poor inflationary measures that also resulted in life being costly for low income earners. This poor policy adoption of the regime resulted in a constantly widening gap between the rich and the poor characterized by the massive increase in the slum population (Shulman 78). The country also witnessed instances of diseases that compromised the economic development of the country. Another cause of the constantly widening gap in the country was the inability of the regime to effectively curb the problem of unemployment in the country. There was a major unemployment crisis among the youths of the country. As a result, most of the unemployed individuals resorted to various social crimes in the country. Redistribution of wealth in the country was also witnessed on the basis of development programs that were selectively undertaken in the country.

The event of the bombing of the Twin Towers resulted in key political decisions that the regime adopted in reaction to the occurrence. Due to the proximity of Iran and Iraq, the regime had a political interest in Iran due to the need to ensure proper access of Iraq. A number of policies were therefore designed by the country to help in the process of ensuring control of Iran using the military. This compromised the political relations of America with various countries. Syria strongly opposed these measures by the Bush regime as it interfered with the sovereignty of the countries. On the other hand, a better political relationship was created between America and Israel. The Bush government tried to quickly manipulate Iran’s political principles and economics in March 2003. The Iraq inquiry was one of the major political aspects that the regime adopted. After successfully influencing the death of Saddam, the Bush regime entered a political relationship with Iraq. This was viewed as a greedy act as it basically targeted the economically rich country (Abrams 200). The American armed forces played a vital role in the domination and safekeeping activities in the country. The periods towards the general election 2008 was marked by various incidences of political turmoil in the country. This was majorly from the Democrats that viewed his regime as a dictatorship form of governance. The constant demonstrations and public oppositions became a major political challenge to the regime (Waxman 120). These political issues have been effectively integrated in the film Donnie Darco: Training Day to successfully communicate the theme of political intrigue in the country. The issues raised in the various films efficiently display the socio-historic situations that America witnessed in the period of Bush regime.

Works Cited

Abrams, Elliott. Tested by Zion: The Bush Administration and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Print.

Shulman, Seth. Undermining Science: Suppression and Distortion in the Bush Administration. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008. Print.

Waxman, Henry A. On Restoring Open Government: Secrecy in the Bush Administration. New York: Cosimo, 2005. Print.