What is bipolar disorder?

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a psychological disorder where the individual experiences unusual shifts in moods between extremely high and low moods. The disorder, also known as manic depression, affects the energy and activity levels of an individual, as well as personal behavior in undertaking day to day activities. A person with bipolar disorder experiences symptoms such as unusual changes in moods, changes in activity levels, suicidal thoughts, sleeping problems, changes in thinking and perceptions, and self-destructive behaviors, among others (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011).

  • What are the typical expectations of a 20-year-old?

The society has numerous expectations about William. At his age, he is expected to improve his performance in adult roles. It is also expected that William should develop mature relationships with his peers as well as his parents. At the age of 20, William should show a level of economic independence by maintaining his job. He should also prepare for marriage and family life as well as develop a self-identity.

  • How could an OT practitioner help William proceed to the next developmental level?

An occupational therapist could play a vital role in helping William proceed to the next development level. Firstly, the occupational therapist would evaluate William’s ability to take care of himself; at his age, William has an ability to live without his parents. An OT could also help in identifying treatment and goals that could be meaningful to William. The treatment goals include personal care routine, effective communication with family members and co-workers, and setting short-term and long-term goals. The therapist can also recommend various workplace accommodation structures that can help him remain at work. He will also help him in understanding his status and adapting to the environment. It is also the role of the occupational therapist to guide William’s family members and caregivers on the essentials of bipolar disorder and how to help a person with the problem (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011).

  • How would your expectations as an OT practitioner differ if William were 75 years old?

As an occupational therapist practitioner, I would have different expectations of William were he a 75-year old. First, I would expect that William is aware of his condition, and he has experience on how to live with it. Additionally I would expect that the family members of William are aware of the situation, and they know the kind of support to offer to William. I would also expect that William is taking medication to stabilize his condition.

Case 2

  • List three symptoms associated with osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a joint disease caused by wear out of bone cartilage that leaves joint bones exposed. An individual suffering from Osteoarthritis develops symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness of the joint, swelling in the knees, and loss of flexibility (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011).

  • List two organizations in your community that Jeannie could turn to for support with her arthritis

Apart from healthcare providers and the hospital, Jeannie can also get help for her arthritis from community-based organizations. One of the common organizations that deal with arthritis is Arthritis Foundation. The main aim of the organization is to improve lives through prevention and control of arthritis-related diseases. The organization also supports individuals suffering from Arthritis by providing guidance and medication. Another common organization that can help Jeannie is Rheumatoid Arthritis Organizations. The organization is made up of professional doctors and therapist that help individuals to prevent and cure Arthritis.

  • Discuss how you would structure a gardening activity for Jeannie in the hospital setting

One of the common therapies of Arthritis is physical exercise. To provide Jeannie with a chance to carry out physical exercises, I will design a garden for her using hospital setting. The garden will enable her engage in physical activities. The garden will be a raised bed to reduce excessive stress on muscles. I will also offer her with light gardening tools to avoid excess weight that can worsen his condition.

  • Describe a gardening session for teens with attention deficit disorder.

For a teen with attention deficit disorder, I will design a garden that will involve several different activities. Some of the garden activities would include cultivation, planting, watering, weeding, and harvesting. It is believed that some of these activities can help in increasing the attention of the teen.

  • How would you change your approach to doing a gardening activity for typically developing preschool children as compared to an 80-years old woman and teens with ADD?

When dealing with preschool children, the main aim of gardening activities will be to improve their skill development. Therefore, I would structure a garden with different activities such as planting of different crops to help children participate and learn easily.


O’Brien, J. C., & Hussey, S. M. (2011). Introduction to occupational therapy.4th ed, Elsevier/Mosby.