What is the technology of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)?

GIS Solutions for Environmental Management

What is the technology of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)?

GIS is a software technology that enables a practically limitless amount of data to be connected to a geographic site. Attached with a digital map, the system enables the user to observe places, events, features, and ecological transformations with unique clarity, viewing layer upon layer of information, such as ecological trends and soil stability among others. Successful ecological practice puts into consideration the whole field of the environment. The technology provides a broad range of investigative tools to convene the needs of many people by assisting them in making enhanced resolutions about the environment (Gude 232).

The geographic information system includes hardware, software, and statistics for managing, examining, and exhibiting each and every kind of geographically referenced data. GIS enables the user to examine, realize, apprehend, and depict data in a variety of methods that reveals associations, models, and tendency in the form of graphs and maps. GIS technology can be employed in every project information system makeup (puller, and Springer 452). The knowledge can be applied in business and management positions, for instance, logistics, site, and services management, promotion, executive, and development. GIS can also facilitate a retail sector in finding the best place for their subsequent store. It enables marketers in discovering new projections (puller and Springer 453). Feeding information on a map reveals the locations where the business is enjoying a larger number of clients if it owns a store. The system can be utilized in scrutinizing, realizing, and visualizing data in a method that would be unattainable by means of rows and columns of the spreadsheet. Moreover, with statistics on a map, additional questions can be raised, for instance, where, why, and how, all with the existing site data. Enhanced decisions can be made bearing in mind the fact that landscape and spatial assessment are incorporated.

How the ESRI’s GIS products are designed for ecological management?

GIS knowledge is applied in supporting and delivering information to environmental officers and the community. GIS enables the combining and analysis of numerous layers of location-based information as well as ecological dimensions. The ecological application areas of GIS are different in relation to the prospective users, environmental fields, and the exact environmental subject being scrutinized. ESRI’s GIS environmental managing solutions allow organizations to carry out various functions. They make certain that there is precise reporting with enhanced data compilation (Gude 232). They also help in decision-making and hence enhance productivity with efficient work processes. ESRI presents better information analysis and management alternatives. The other functions are modeling dynamic environmental phenomena and creating prognostic circumstances for ecological impact studies.

Some of the ESRI’s GIS products include the Arc Info, which has exceptional developed strength. It contains broad functionality including geoprocessing devices and had a long learning curve linked with it (Gude 232). The other product is Arc View and it focuses on all-inclusive data use, mapping, and examination. Arc GIS is the usually exploited product. It is a PC-based product that is quite powerful and it is designed to function on its own (Tsou 155). Arc GIS Engine is a set of center software mechanisms and devices. It is a resources product for developers to make routine GIS, and mapping functions. Arc Pad software offers folder access and universal positioning structure incorporation to users in the field using handheld and portable tools. ArcWebSM products provide access to GIS abilities over the internet when required (Gude 233).

How can GIS be used to help resolve the complex physical environmental issues in the real world?

The challenges people face are increasing across many regions including ecological conflicts, air contamination, climate change, and an unbalanced distribution of resources. These issues have made planners and legislatures search for a better understanding of the problems people face, and ways to expressively tackle these issues. This is mainly in big urban towns where housing scarcity is becoming serious. It is vital that broad planning takes into account all the main features that impact human beings’ survival. By incorporating geographic information with models and visual devices, it is possible to assess the effect of human behavior and land-use transformations on the built environment (Tsou 156). For instance, GIS can be applied to assess diverse land-use situations based on ecological implications. Adding certain land uses to a present land-use plan will possibly show bigger impermeable coverage, which in turn can result in runoff and floods that harm the environment.

GIS assists in enhanced understanding of the globe in order to meet worldwide challenges. The application of GIS knowledge can help people in improving their quality of life and attain a better future (Tsou 156). The issues addressed are naturally spatial and call for spatial pieces of equipment and spatial ideas. The creation and application of GIS products and information enable users to incorporate geographic intellect into how they think and act. To that end, GIS can manage people’s correlation with the environment in addition to helping them recognize complex relationships that otherwise they would never be able to realize.


Gude, patty. “GIS Solutions for Environmental Management” Mapping Your Environmental Management Strategy 14.2 (2012): 231-233.

Pullar, David, and Darren Springer. “Towards integrating GIS and catchment models.” Environmental Modelling & Software 15.5 (2000): 452-453.

Tsou, Ming-Hsiang. “Integrating Web-based GIS and image processing tools for environmental monitoring and natural resource management.” Journal of Geographical Systems 6.2 (2004): 155-157.